Dating Media Group

Beggars can't be choosers!

2014.12.16 17:01 Tnargkiller Beggars can't be choosers!

This subreddit is for posting screenshots, pictures, or stories of people who are being way too picky
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2012.02.10 07:30 jackofallburgers The Bachelor

thebachelor is a subreddit dedicated to thoughtful discussion about The Bachelor franchise, the lives of contestants, and how Bachelor Nation interacts with and influences the world around us.
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2018.05.06 10:10 sackerfice REA(L)OVE

Subreddit for discussion of the Netflix Original dating show REA(L)OVE. All episodes now available on Netflix worldwide.
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2020.11.25 11:28 leleopin Im feeling quite lost right now....

I'm a 23yr old male living in Brazil with my parents, 1 brother, 1 sister and 57 cats. Photographer and astrophotographer, also feeling quite lost. I had several traumas during my growth which caused me many problems in my adolescence, when i was 3, i developed a big fear for gunshots or any poppin' sound near me which i didn't knew the source. It all started in 2000s, my father was a cop, we lived in a quite bad neighborhood but people there didn't knew my father was a cop. Someday a thief tried to jump in our house, our house dog (a Saint Bernard weighing around 60kgs) quickly kicked him out with some wounds, my father quickly reported to his cop friends and the search for the thief has started. Cops would do their job to arrest the thief and life should go on, right? NOPE. They caught almost every "bad appearence" guy (i live in a racist country, so think about the easiness to get someone in a outskirt neighborhood) and brought then in front of our house, asking my family if one of them looked like the thief. Such a great idea, isn't? Bringing all the bad guys of the neighborhood in front of a cop house, which they didn't knew was a cop there, in a matter of days the threats started, everyday was a insecure day, after the threats started, we had cops patrolling near our house everyday, even the police helicopter started to fly by our house near 7~8pm, i still remember seeing it every day and running out into the house (i used to play alone in the porch/garden). Then the shootings started near our house, i don't have many memories from that, but i still remember running straight to under the bed every time i heard something, even if it was just fireworks. I had this in my life until i was around 9yr old, my worst trauma/phobia started when i was 8yr old, by that time we already moved to another city, where my father's family live and he got a transfer to work as a cop (he was a cop until 2004~). We used to live in a big condominium, had many friends of my age, 3 swimming pools, a football court, 2 playgrounds and many trees, which had me a perfect childhood, now about my phobia, it all started when me, my sister (4yrs old), and my brother (12yrs old) got an virosis, until a certain point, we knew that only my brother was sick, and we all went to the emergency care unit, where my brother had to be interned, me and my sister was in the car just waiting, then i suddenly started to feel sick, suddenly i started to vomiting just as my brother was some time early, i was quite calm with it, a bit "desperate" cause i was a kid, and vomiting is terrible. My father grabbed me and entered the ECU to get me medicated as well, while waiting to be attended, i remember that i washed the entire place vomiting, i had no control at all, no one took me to the bathroom or something. Something about 30 minutes later that i started vomiting, my sister also started to get sick too, i don't really know if it was because she was witnessing it, or really was sick just like me and my brother, i won't get this part too extense, we just threw up the entire place, almost 1 hour later we got interned with our brother and spent the night there, by the morning we were discharged and went back to our house. From that day on, everything changed for me, i had developed Emetophobia, which had me slowly fading away from my friends and social life, i was still a kid, used to play everyday with my friends till the sun goes out, but whenever someone near me (or no) had just a little cough, i would freeze completely and get away from that person, because inside my mind I thought that the person was about to throw up, even with just a cough or a sneeze. As i said, this slowly consumed me, when i was 10 i couldn't even stay in school anymore, i managed to complete the elementary school with a lot of effort, and then stopped going to the school. By 2010 my trauma had already consumed me, i stopped going to the streets to do anything with my friends (i was a very athletic and healthy kid), did not trust any food outside my house, if i felt a stomach pain, would immediately start to freak out, my feeding was terrible, all i knew was playing Tibia and drinking almost 2L of Coca-Cola a day, which caused me a gastritis, by the end of 2010 we moved from the condominium and started living in a house, which had cut entirely my social life, everything started to get worse in that place, my parents at the moment worked at a bakery, we had a mild stabilization, and now i'll talk about the cats.

By 2009~ my sister asked for a kitty in her birthday, a friend of us whose cat just gave birth, gave us 2 kittens and we loved them, in the course of time while going to school, we noticed 3 stray kittens which mother had died hit by a car, we spent almost 3 days trying to rescue them and we finally succeeded. We fed them and they started to grew, by the moment we had 6 cats in a small apartment (we rescued another one earlier), some weeks later we moved to the house i mentioned up there. There we had more space for the cats and we got a dog (Leona, a Brazilian Fila mixed with labrador), some months passed and the female cat we rescued started to get in heat, didn't take too long till her brother impregnate her, by that time we was ok with it, we just thought in sending the kittens to adoption when born, which didn't happened, the cats started to breed very fast, we didn't had money to neuter them and at the time the Zoonoses (public agency that neutralize animals) was under reform (took 2 years). During that time we didn't gave away any cats, and they were already a high number, things started to go wrong, my mom worked a full day shift and my father had lost his job, everyday it was up to me and my dad to clean up the mess the cats made (we had +/- 30 cats by the time, around 2012~). We had to spent a lot of money to feed them and had high water bill because we had to wash the backyard every single day, my dad got a job again and then everything was on my back (my brother and sister never helped me), my parents marriage started to ruin, they argued violently every day and i always desperately got in middle of them, i hated to hear they having discussions/screaming at each other, my routine was all about playing and sleeping the entire day/night, i had heavy insomnia since 7 years old, so i could easily play the entire night without any reason. I quickly started to get depressed and felt lonely, i never demonstrated anything that i felt inside, none of my childhood friends or family knew what i was going through, by the end of 2013~ ( i cant remember exactly the year) i tried to suicide, i discovered that my father still had the gun from the times of cop, when there was no one home, i grabbed the gun, cocked it and tried to shot myself in the chest, nothing happened, the gun had no bullets. I continued the day as if nothing had happened, some time later the number of cats was still growing up hitting almost 90 cats in a small house, just try to think in the mess they could make in a day, yup, i had to clean it every single day, sometimes when i didn't (cause i was too depressed to do anything), my mother would come from the work tired and clean it, while cursing me and my brothesister for doing nothing the entire day, calling us useless tramps, because we were in home doing nothing, these things always ended up somehow generating an argument between us or my parents, which used to make me sadder everyday, one day i was going to the market and found an intact bullet in the ground, grabbed it and took to my home, when i had the chance, i grabbed the gun and inserted the bullet, that fits perfectly, by that time i was sure it would be in that night, i was finally about to kill myself, ending all of that suffering and pain inside me that started in that night when my and brothers got sick, by that time my phobia was at the apex, any slip around me would put me in a panic attack, which would ruin my entire day, if not the week. I certified myself that the gun was loaded (drum revolver), slowly cocked it and put agains't my head, after some hesitation, i've pulled the trigger. Nothing happened. The emotions had me quite dizzy, i tried again, and again, nothing happened, that was the forth time trying to shot myself, now with a bullet loaded and nothing happened. i started to cry quietly, because i wasn't home alone, took the bullet out and put the gun back where it was, i couldn't believe in what was going on, i just wanted to end the pain, to be free, and somehow i was tied to all the suffering, i remember that i just accepted it, had almost 16 hours of sleep and took my life "normally". I started to work as roadie with my cousin, who is aaudio technician, i had to do something to "distract" my mind apart of playing, at first it was really difficult for me because i was working in concerts, parties, what these things have in common? Beer, drugs, drunk people throwing up. It took over my mind in every job i was, was always alert, never stayed too long near the people who were drinking, but it was the beginning of a fight against my phobia, i slowly started to control my panic attacks and nervousness with deep breaths techniques, by the middle of 2015, we moved to a bigger house, the cats had more space, we had more space, a house with a barbecue grill, a beautiful garden (did i mentioned more space for everyone/thing?). I started to socialize with my childhood friends again, was feeling a bit better, and then again everything started to go wrong, my mom and dad always calling me useless, even more mess to clean (more space for the cats to shit out, more time washing everything, i really cant describe what i had to go through everyday, almost 4~5kgs of SHIT, every single day). some cats ran away, others died from random diseases, at that point all of them was neutralized, but my mom always find a way do don't give them away, always with a excuse, she had became an accumulator, the beautiful house we lived in started to stand aside, the grass was all dirty with shit, nobody cut the grass anymore, the plants died, i was feeling depressed again, some days in the week we had nothing to eat, we started to receive donations for the cats, so te expenses with them lowered, but my father was again unemployed, my mother couldn't keep it all alone, my brother never had a job, always depressed too, my sister was in high school. The year is 2017, by that time i almost had no phobia anymore, i was practically free to go to parties or drink, i subscribed by march to do a reclassification test to finish high school in november 19 (my birthday) i hadn't studied anymore since 2010, but i had to pass on the test to get a steady job, and in that year i had made some good friends and we wanted to go to the beach in new year's eve, i tried to hold my money from jobs as roadie, but always had to spent it to help in my house, my mom said she would gave me money by the christmas, we rented a house 2 blocks from the beach, rented a car and went to the beach at 27/12/17. Detail: i was 20 years old and never went to the beach, friends around me would go ever year, i always dreamed of being there. We stayed there from 27/12 to 02/01, it was perfect, i enjoyed a lot, spent all the money with food, alcohol and everything else (by that time i was smoking weed, although not having a phobia anymore, i still was depressed and anxious, weed helped me a lot calming me down and puting me to sleep). When we came back i was shocked, found out that while i was spending money for nothing, my family passed the new year's eve with a plate of rice, nothing else. they passed almost 3 day without nothing but rice and some fruits, while i spent R$ 350 on the beach (1/3 of a minimum wage) with alcohol and other shits. This had striked me hard, i felt extremely selfish although it was my dream to have the experience of being in a beach, and my mom wanted me to be there, performing a dream, supported me with every cent we had. From the day 2 to 5, i didn't do nothing but crying and sleeping, i was feeling extremely disgusted, the only thought in my head was: you were enjoying it, spending it on shit while your family had nothing to eat, a friend helped us with a basic-needs grocery package after i talked to him, and that made me feel slightly better. By 09pm on day 05/01, a friend was asking our group out, he would met a friend in front of a bar, drink some beer and talk some shits. I was refusing since the start, and since i didn't want to go out, 2 others friends refused to go either, after some insistence i decided to go, i grabbed my skate and went on (4 or 5 blocks from my house), and my friend went to grab our other friend and we would all meet in there. After getting there i wasn't in the mood at all, i found my friend and met his friends (which i had been wanting to meet for a while), they were a couple and they cousins, a girl and her brother. I greeted everyone and sat in my corner, listening to music on the phone, hardly paying attention to the conversation, after a while i joined the the chat and randomly started to talk the girl (couple's cousin) it was around 11pm when we started to talk in random topics, i won't go into too much here, but we talked until 04am, we talked about books, movies, lifestyle, everything, she bloomed me like a flower, in that night i knew almost everything about her, and her about me. I was delighted, who was this girl, and how she managed to get all these things from me, things which by that time only 3 of my closest friends knew?, my parents still had no idea of how i felt psychologically. That day a romance had started, we first kiss 2 weeks later, she was making me feel real better, making me want to feel better, by February i received my notes for the test i made by November 2017, i passed with above average grades (ppl around me and teachers always considered me very smart), things was starting to go out well in my life, i met someone who i can deeply trust and finished my studies, could finally go after a job, but nothing is perfect and by April she didn't want to stay with me anymore, she didn't said why, but couldn't stay away from me, neither me stay away from her, we had some argues, many up and downs, cut relations many times (resumed). I developed a big cigar addiction, and by Septembe2018 i finally got a job, i would work as pharmacy attendant in 3rd shift, from 10:40pm to 07:00am, we moved to another house again, this one smaller and pretty far from the neighbor we always lived, 5,2kms from my job precisely. I started working on 05 October and walked 10km every day from my house to job and job to house, i had a good payment (almost 2 minimum wages, R$ 1900 + R$ 100 in food voucher) and this relived a lot the situation with bills/food in my house, i still had nothing, but at least we could pay our bills at date and have food to eat. November arrived, me and "that" girl started to talk again (I'll call her O), Months back then, by March, we had a backstory where she tagged me in a Facebook post while i was looking at her, the post was about a giant teddy bear, the person tagged in there would have to give one as present to the one who tagged, we both laughed and i promised i would give it to her, when i had enough conditions. Going back to November, her birthday was coming, i found a giant teddy and bought it, i talked to her parents about making a surprise and they helped me, some weeks before i met her parents to ask their permission to to date her, i loved her! They allowed me and wished me good luck, she didn't know any of this, i just had a feeling and followed it. Everything done, i took her to eat ice cream and we went to her house, i put the bear sitting on the bed, closed her eyes and opened when she was in front of it, she almost freaked out, hugged me hard and was very thankful. Moments later i asked her to be my girlfriend, which resulted exactly in what i was expecting... No, she wouldn't (i didn't use the bear as an excuse for that, it was her birthday present), then we started to talking about everything we went through, and i just wanted to know why she didn't want me anymore back then, and it was when i finally discovered the truth: she couldn't handle her feelings because i was too much depressed, although i was feeling better, i still was very depressed, she was getting sad, and to protect herself, she took this decision, even being hard to do that, she managed to. The conversation went for almost 3 hours, we said everything we wanted to, with tears in our eyes, i said goodbye to her saying i would get better, for me and for her, telling her we would marry one day... i couldn't stay alongside her just as a friend, i loved her too much to do this. I went home sad, but happy at the same time, i had a snap in my head which made me wake up, i wanted to be a better person, i wanted to feel better... i woke up in the next day as a new person, a person decided to change, to care and get better for me and everyone near me. By January/2019 i attented a aunt of mine which was away from the family, didn't see he in 15 years, she was very happy and surprised to see me (everything conspirated to our reunite that day), we talked about how time has passed and how everything went, i told her i was thinking in quit my job at the pharmacy and i had applied for a photography university, surprisingly she told me that she has a photography studio and would want to talk to me later, we scheduled to meet on February 10th, she was needing someone to work with her and would hire me, by 15/02 i quited my job and started to work with her, she paid me photography courses and classes, took me to workshops and travels with her and her husband (they're pretty rich). I would receive an minimum wage for helping her with things on the studio, even if we didn't do anything the entire month, by April i started in the astrophotography (my passion since i was a kid) and in August a photo i took was nominated to a contest in my city, we were all happy, and by that time me and O started to talk again, she noticed how better i was, mentally healthier than the last time we met, and she was very happy for me and everything that i managed to accomply since then. We slowly started to talk to each other again, November was on sight again and we spent my birthday together, then her's on a sushi restaurant and exactly 1 year and 5 days later she refused me, SHE asked me to be her boyfriend (again i'm resuming, a lot of things happened, the text is already huge without details). I accepted, everything i planned was happening, in a matter of 1 year, my life has turned around perfectly, a lot of things happened since then, the pandemy has come, we are closer than ever, i spent most of the year studying photography and astrophotography, had some serious improvement in my skills, my aunt's photography studio has stopped completely, she didn't pay me anymore since september, my mom cooks only in weekends (low salary), my father is doing some jobs as truck driver for a guy that only abuses him, with also low salary, no one comes after me for photoshoots, i'm trying to sell my framed pictures and working on some astrophotography projects, i dont know what i'm doing wrong because no one comes after me (even though my photos are highly praised), lost my cellphone last month, so i can't post anything to social medias (IG) completely broke, all i have is my photography equipment, besides that i dont have any goods, i still don't have a license for driving, we have no car or a motorcycle, still doing everything by foot.. While all my friends who grew with me have everything, proper house, car, motorcyle, a stable life. The last time i had something to eat was 14 hours ago, our fridge is literally empty. I don't know why exactly i wrote all this, life's weird..
I apologize for grammatical errors and for changing the tone of the text so suddenly from 2020 to now, i'm really feeling quite lost, everyone says i'm a big professional, that my works are fine masterpiece, but on the otherside, absolutely zero income. Also i'm feeling a bit confused because i'm hungry, so i might have lost the context, just waiting for the bakeries to open so i can go buy something.
If u read this far, thank you, thank you from the bottom of my heart. I'm not feeling depressed in any way, a bit sad for the actual situation, and i think i just needed to let it all come out.
submitted by leleopin to offmychest [link] [comments]


2020.11.25 11:19 emilyfit21 Sister's MIL is literally the devil incarnate

Hi everyone,
Hoping this is the right place to post, I am a long time lurker, mostly to not feel so alone because my MIL is BEC, however, recently have been regularly going through the page looking for support I can offer my sister. I do not consent to this post being posted on any news posts, articles or anything of the like without my express permission.
This will be a long one, so settle in - I'll be trying not to go too much into detail for the sake of anonymity:
My sister and her partner are in their early 20s, have been together for 7+ years, both have stable incomes and my side of the family is very supportive. My sister and her partner found out early this year that they were pregnant. While it was a shock, my family welcomed this with open arms, and his family, which was once so kind and caring, tore them to absolute shreds, as if they werent scared enough as it was, especially with a new pandemic circulating. My sister and her partner live with my parents in our family home, and her partner's parents made it very clear they were not interested in having anything to do with the baby, also suggesting they have it aborted, and threatening to divorce and break up the family if they went through with the pregnancy - absolutely crazy right? On top of this, which may not be important to some, but was heartbreaking for my sister, MIL posted the pregnancy announcement on social media before they were ready to, so they then felt they had to share as well.
So, essentially my sister and her partner dealt with all this fuckery during the pregnancy, and of course I warned them that as soon as baby was born she would want to be grandmother of the year - and I was right. Since baby has been born it has been a constant battle. MIL wants to be with baby ALL the time, but of course, only as it suits her, and only if she is showing him off to her friends or family, other than that she is quite literally not interested. She will messaged my sister asking to come visit on a certain date, if my sister says no and offers another day or time, she will ignore her and go to my sister's partner to ask instead.
My family and I all work in healthcare and have been very aware and cautious during this pandemic, which has meant limited visitors, everyone has to have vaccines, etc. Recently, MIL tried to bring her step daughter over to see baby, who had some really serious flu symptoms and had apparently not left her bed in days due to being so sick, but MIL wanted her to meet baby so she pushed and pushed trying to get my sister and her boyfriend to let her, and when they didnt, she went behind their back to tell her family that they are trying to "block her out of their lives", among other ridiculous comments that are completely untrue, and never ever even hinted to. The same happened when she wanted baby to meet a distant relative who had been recently diagnosed with cancer and had been told not to be near babies due to the level of chemotherapy he was on, so of course my sister and her boyfriend did not feel comfortable with this visit either.
However, any other time she has wanted to visit and they have been able to, no one has stopped her, she has been told she is welcome to visit if she lets them know, it just seems like she plans visits on days they have already told her they have other plans, and then gets pissed off when they remind her they have something else on, or dont want a newborn baby around ill people during a pandemic.
I won't go into too much more detail, but essentially my sister's boyfriend is just absolutely over it now, baby is about 3 months old, and since he has been born, MIL has made suggestions to him to break up with my sister, just pay her child support, move home, suggested to him that she thinks he has depression and thats why he is acting out ( he is not acting out, he is growing a nice shiny spine!), MIL turned up at their home last week, didn't talk to anyone and the whole ordeal was very awkward. When she left, sister's boyfriend walked her out, and she brought up that she felt like she wasn't a priority to them (not her exact words but I've rambled long enough), and that she feels like they are keeping baby from her. He went over why visits had been limited and reminded her that we are still in a pandemic, even if she is over it. She then tried a guilt trip to which he responded by screaming at her that she asked them to abort Harry numerous times and has even suggested he break up with his long time partner just so she can have her way. She obviously did not like this, threw her hands up and drove away.
They have not talked since, she is on a timeout, however messaged in some family group chat about how she was going to do one of those Christmas Eve pyjama boxes, which my sister has been talking about doing for months. She is now growing her own shiny spine and messaging MIL very directly that she will not be accepting this.

If you have made it this far, thank you thank you thank you
This mostly turned into a rant - I truly am so frustrated I just want to cry. But the purpose of this really was to get some advice on what support I can offer her. Any mums out there whos MILs went absolutely insane when baby was born or during the pregnancy? Anything you've got, I want to hear! Books, audiobooks, podcast recommendations, literally anything!
submitted by emilyfit21 to JUSTNOMIL [link] [comments]


2020.11.25 10:08 nazirsays WHY DO YOU LIKE TO BUY MAKEUP AND COSMETICS PRODUCTS ONLINE?

WHY DO YOU LIKE TO BUY MAKEUP AND COSMETICS PRODUCTS ONLINE?
Which business will go Who will be in a downtrend but the cosmetic and beauty business is expected to continue to grow by 7.7% per year? Today we will take you to see that What is the behaviour of this group of customers? So, your brand will have the right marketing plan.
Why do Pakistani prefer to buy makeup and cosmetics products from online shops?
Biocos, an eCommerce store of thousands of brands of makeup and cosmetics products, found that more Pakistani people have access to the internet as a result, sales of cosmetics and beauty products from online channels increased as well.

Biocos
A quarter of the 1,874 respondents said "discounts" were the main reasons for purchasing cosmetics and beauty products from online stores, followed by "free shipping" and "product variety.”
Think, if you're not in the middle of a big city, where are you going to find a brand that isn't massively mass-produced? Comparator Making your product stand out online is even more of a brand that cannot be overlooked.

Which products sell best online?

"Skincare" and "make-up" are the products that Pakistani people shop online the most (31%) because they have a wide variety of options. Shoppers can access comparison websites until they are satisfied. Additionally, reviews from popular bloggers and vloggers are also driving demand for products.

What are the reasons for people not shopping online?

36% of respondents said they do not buy cosmetics and beauty products online because they "didn't have a chance to try them first" followed by 22.6% "fear of being tricked" and "preferring to buy from a real store" 20.1%
Is the problem of the brand How do you make your online storefront website look attractive, credible, or a way to get people online to your physical store?

Where do you buy makeup and cosmetics products online?

Buy Online Makeup & Cosmetics Shopping in Pakistan, Biocos is the biggest e-commerce platforms that people buy the most for makeup and cosmetics beauty products. The reason is there are more discounts and free delivery all over Pakistan. And convenience in ordering thousands of brands of makeup and cosmetics products.
However, social media and a brand's website are still important. Because it is a source of information that people are popular to update beauty trends and new products, so do not forget to update the content to be up-to-date and look interesting all the time.
Finally, it's not just an online presence. But the brand must understand what the customer actually wants. The survey results indicated that the first thing Pakistani consumers consider when choosing a beauty product is their properties (25%), followed by price (22%) and product reviews (17%).

In conclusion, how should a beauty brand adapt?

  1. Not just building an online platform. But brands need to understand what their customers want and are looking for. And use it as a highlight in your ad.
  2. Brands with their own website and social media content must be updated regularly. Because even if people go shopping from other websites like Daraz or amazon, they still get information from the brand first.
  3. Do not overlook influencer marketing because positive product reviews can greatly influence buying decisions. Do not choose influencers based on the number of followers. But have to look deeply that the image Is their lifestyle compatible with your brand? What is past performance? To increase the credibility of your brand
For more click the below link: https://www.biocospk.com
submitted by nazirsays to u/nazirsays [link] [comments]


2020.11.25 07:48 blazedcheesefries Should I reach out one more time or just let it go?

So this maybe a long story but I really need some advice. I had this thing with a girl that I really like idk what to even call what we had. We have the same friend group and all our friends would tell me that she likes me. At times we would all drink together and every time we get drunk she would always confess her feelings for me and I always thought it was really cute. She is 19F and I’m 24F. One day I told her when we we’re both sober that I like her as well and I really wanted take her out on a cute little date. She told me that she liked me as well, she never been on date and she would love for me to take her out.
So A few months pass and we still texting and hanging out almost everyday. Everything was going great. The most we have done together is make out and fool around. We both just wanted to take things slow and see where it goes. But then out of no where she becomes super distance, just texting me less and less and not wanting to hang out as often. Then she tells me that she going through somethings and doesn’t want to loose me and she still wants me around and cares about me and doesn’t want to hurt me. She also told me she doesn’t think she can handle being in a romantic thing with anyone right now.
I completely understood that and told her that I’ll give her the space she needs so I did. So we then start texting even less, to the point where I would text her just to check in and she would just never respond or text me back a day later with the “sorry I’m a bad texter”. That one hurt tbh. She still follows me on social media and looks at my stories. I really like her like a lot so much I’m willing to wait for her to get her shit together I’m also willing to be there for her but I don’t wanna force it if she keeps pushing me away.
So yeah my question is should I reach out to her one more time and just see if we are still good and if she still likes me ? or just leave her alone and work on getting over her even though I don’t want too.
submitted by blazedcheesefries to AskLesbians [link] [comments]


2020.11.25 07:38 LillyTheElf Crosspost: DD from an actual scientist: $NVAX might not be first, but will produce the most effective and easily distributed COVID vaccine that will end up as the vaccine of choice. (The best covid DD, I've ever seen. Science is sound and the play seems strong.)

$NVAX Summary
  1. Novavax (NVAX) is slightly behind PfizeModerna/AZN/JnJ in the COVID vaccine race but will likely end up with the most effective vaccine with the fewest side effects and will be the easiest to distribute, as if only requires standard refrigeration (4 degrees Celsius).
  2. Many people think that the ~95% efficacy data from PFE/MRNA means that we're in the clear, but the data refers to 95% prevention of symptomatic disease and not 95% prevention of infection, which is an important difference that has been largely overlooked. Based on pre-clinical and Phase 1 clinical data, I think NVAX will be significantly better at not only preventing symptomatic disease, but also better at preventing infection and transmission.
  3. Importantly, NVAX's COVID vaccine (NVX-CoV2327) is the only candidate that can be multiplexed with a flu vaccine resulting in a long-term revenue stream beyond the initial wave of vaccinations providing a convenient option in the likely scenario that annual COVID boosters are recommended.
  4. The mixed results of yesterday's AZN interim update create a buying opportunity for NVAX, as AZN's vaccine candidate was a major competitor as the other low cost, easily distributed vaccine for most of the world. Another near term catalyst within the next 1-2 weeks is an interim update from the Phase 3 UK trial that began in September. Buyout rumors are yet to be substantiated, but NVAX is an attractive acquisition candidate with a market cap of only $6B.
My background:
Positions: I've been in and out over the last couple of months but waited until yesterday to load up. Plan to also add shares.
Bottom line: I think $NVAX is being overlooked due to the recent wave of vaccine news but will end up being the clear vaccine of choice for most of the world and will significantly outgrow it's current $6B market cap. I think short-term catalysts (Phase 3 interim updates, potential buyout) will drive the price higher in the next couple of weeks and like the long-term outlook (global vaccine distribution, annual flu/COVID combo vaccine, potential buyout). This stock has low float and one piece of positive news will send this back to at $120.
DISCUSSION (skip if you're not interested in the science)
Why I think $NVAX will produce the most effective vaccine and why this matters
One of the most important correlates of protection used to estimate vaccine efficacy is the amount of antibodies the vaccine generates in the host, also referred to as antibody titer (high titer = high levels of antibody). NVAX has reported significantly higher antibody titers than any of the other candidates in phase 3 trials: ~6-fold higher than MRNA, ~10.8-fold higher than PFE, and ~10.5 fold higher than AZN (see graph below; source: RA capital).
Small differences in antibody titers shouldn't be overinterpreted, however large differences are more likely to be meaningful and correspond with measurable differences in real-world changes in immunity. Based on the titer data reported to date, we would expect NVAX to have the highest efficacy.
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Note the log scaled y-axis
More convincing support for NVAX comes from primate challenge studies in which rhesus macaques were given vaccine or placebo and then exposed to the virus. Monkeys vaccinated with NVX-CoV2327 had zero evidence of viral replication in either the upper or lower airway, whereas monkeys vaccinated with MRNA's vaccine (the most effective vaccine reported to date) had evidence of viral replication in both the upper and lower airways (see graphs below; top graph is NVAX, bottom graph is MRNA).
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Bear with me, but this data is significant for reasons that require a bit of explanation. First, it's important to understand that protection in the upper airway (i.e. nose/throat) from COVID infection is more challenging to achieve than in the lower airway (i.e. the lungs) with intramuscular injected vaccines. This matters because a vaccine that only protects the lungs without also protecting the upper airway will likely prevent severe disease in the lungs but may not prevent viral infection (reference). In other words, it might prevent a person from getting really sick but it won't prevent them from transmitting the disease to others.
Based on Moderna's challenge data shown above, their vaccine seems to fit the profile of mostly preventing infection in the lungs combined with a lesser degree of protection in the upper airway (at least in rhesus macaques). Now, you might say who cares about a primate challenge study if we have real-world clinical trial data in humans that says the vaccine is 94.5% effective? The reason I care is because all of the interim numbers that have been reported to date refer to the efficacy of preventing symptomatic cases only and not of preventing infection (source). This is a huge deal and is almost certainly not the way that the public has interpreted the headlines to date. (UPDATE: this exact point was addressed by Moderna's CMO this morning source).
If we assume that the non-human primate challenge data presented above is representative of what will happen in humans then I think the efficacy numbers that are being thrown for around for Moderna (and likely PfizeAZN) don't tell the full story and I suspect that the sentiment about the efficacy of these vaccines will change over time. Again, you might ask who cares - this level of efficacy still sounds really good and I completely agree that it's impressive for first generation vaccines made in under a year. These vaccines will be important for rapid immunization of high risk groups and I would gladly take one knowing everything I know now if I was high risk. However, I expect that this overlooked issue of disease prevention versus infection prevention for the PFE/MRNA/AZN vaccine candidates will start getting more air time. Even if it doesn't, the infection data (rather than just the symptomatic disease data) will eventually be released as a secondary endpoint for these trials at some point in the next couple of months.
Unlike Moderna's challenge study, NVAX provided complete protection in both the upper and lower airway, despite using a higher viral challenge dose**. This fits with the superior antibody titer data and leads me to believe that there is a high probability that NVAX will not only have a higher rate of reduction in symptomatic cases but may also provide sterilizing immunity in a large subset of patients, therefore not only preventing disease but also preventing transmission in a subset of patients**. If the challenge data ends up translating in humans - and I think it will - then NVAX will end up having a significantly superior vaccine to the others currently in Phase 3 trials. The potential for NVX-CoV2327 to also prevent infection instead of only preventing symptomatic disease is a big deal and is why I think NVAX is going to become the vaccine of choice even though they are a bit behind their competitors.
Who cares if NVAX ends up with a more effective vaccine if the others will be available first?
NVAX will probably miss part of the first wave of vaccinations for front line workers and high risk individuals if the current timelines hold, but this is a small group of people. However, I anticipate we'll get an interim update from NVAX's Phase 3 UK trial in the next couple of weeks and for all the reasons outlined above, it will be clear that NVAX has the best vaccine well BEFORE the majority of people have been vaccinated.
NVAX is targeting having 100M doses ready by the end of 2020 and will be producing hundreds of millions of doses per quarter beginning 1Q 2021, reaching an annual run rate of 1 billion doses per year by the end of 2021 (source). NVAX has an agreement in place from the UK to purchase 60M doses and an agreement with Canada to supply up to 76M doses. NVAX has an exclusive licensing agreement to produce 1B doses for India and other countries in the developing world and has a partnership with Takeda to produce 250M doses per year for Japan. As a result, I anticipate that NVAX will also have the supply to be able to capture a significant portion of mass vaccination efforts.
I think there is a high probability that annual COVID booster shots will be recommended for most people for the foreseeable future and if so, NVAX stands to benefit the most.
Due to the novelty and severity of COVID-19, I think it's highly likely that periodic (if not annual) boosters of a COVID vaccine will be recommended for most people, especially those in high risk groups. There are several reasons that NVAX will be the primary beneficiary in this scenario - I'll begin by explaining why it's unlikely that the current crop of competitors will be suitable for this application:
  1. mRNA-based vaccines (PfizeModerna) are very painful and I suspect that people vaccinated with them on the first round will be hesitant to get in line and take them again once other more traditional options are available. They're also more expensive per dose and have additional cold chain/logistical challenges.
  2. Vector-based vaccines like AZN/JNJ cannot be re-administered due to vector-based immunity. Your immune system develops an response against the vector itself leading to limited efficacy in subsequent doses.
NVX-CoV2327 on the other hand, has none of these downsides and is well suited for use in this context. Furthermore, NVX-CoV2327 has the potential to be multiplexed with a flu vaccine into a single shot which is an extremely attractive option. Flu vaccinations will probably become even more important in the future with COVID circulating and getting people to take one shot instead of two increases the probability of compliance. NVAX makes a flu shot (Nanoflu) that reached all primary endpoints in a Phase 3 trial and is being submitted for accelerated FDA approval. Nanoflu uses the same adjuvant as NVX-CoV2327 so the potential for being able to multiplex the two vaccines is high. The bottom line is that NVAX has the potential for a significant stream of recurring revenue from COVID booster shots that PFE/MRNA/AZN do not have. A multiplexed flu shot would be the icing on the cake.
CONCLUSION
  1. The market is underappreciating the the fact that interim vaccine data has shown 95% effectiveness of preventing symptomatic disease and not 95% effectiveness of preventing infection and therefore transmission. In my opinion, NVAX will be significantly better in this regard and be in high demand if/when this distinction is made.
  2. NVAX will not only be the most effective vaccine but will be the best COVID vaccine investment due to it's high total addressable market (favorable cost/distribution) and potential for recurring revenue, in conjunction with only a $6B market cap (Moderna has a $39B market cap).
  3. Interim update of Phase 3 UK data represents a significant near-term catalyst. Potential for acquisition cannot be ignored.
I probably missed a few things but this has taken way too long and I need to go back to work. I will do my best to answer any questions.
Thank you for your time.
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Update #1:
A few people have commented about my use of December calls and how this doesn't align with the DD that I outlined. Here's my logic:
  1. The phase 3 trial in the UK began in September and the first interim update will be provided once a total of 66 cases have been observed. Based on the daily case load observed in the UK since September, the trial should hit the 66 case threshold very soon (1-2 weeks) and we'll be getting an update that I think will lead to a huge pop.
  2. With the subpar data from AZN released yesterday, one of the other low-cost/easily shipped vaccines looks like much less of a threat and I'm more comfortable holding December options while I wait for the interim update to happen.
  3. None of this takes away from how I feel about the long-term prospects; ideally I will profit from these December calls and then roll some of that forward and buy shares.
It's risky but it will pay off huge if we get an announcement in the next 2 weeks.
Update #2:
I mentioned that mRNA based vaccines are painful and that I think it won't play well with the public. Well here's an article I missed from CNBC talking about exactly that point with mRNA vaccines.
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I think this is a needle-mover and isn't being talked about. The type of person to volunteer for a vaccine trial is very different than the subset of people in the country that are already reluctant to take a COVID vaccine, or any vaccine for that matter. Once we start vaccinating non-trial participants I think this is going to get more coverage and take some wind out of the sails of Pfizer and Moderna.
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submitted by LillyTheElf to Stock_Picks [link] [comments]


2020.11.25 07:20 InternetFreedomIn Strengthening the Joint Parliamentary Committee process on the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019

Strengthening the Joint Parliamentary Committee process on the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019
https://preview.redd.it/27uao9xuwb161.png?width=1600&format=png&auto=webp&s=1767517c5488695e7dcaf4cc3d5910d0ce8d5195

Tl;dr

The Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) for Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 is considering a revolutionary legislative proposal. To strengthen its process we have requested for two things. First, we have humbly requested the Joint Parliamentary Committee to work within its mandate and not be distracted by extraneous issues such as content takedowns of Kunal Kamra's tweets. Second, to provide a fuller perspective, we have asked the Joint Parliamentary Committee to consider more consultations with civil society who at present are only 10% of the total number of witnesses examined for depositions.

Mandate of the Joint Parliamentary Committee

The Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) was constituted to examine The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 (PDPB). According to press reports, the Committee recently questioned the social media platform Twitter over a recent tweet by comedian Kunal Kamra on which the Ld. the Attorney General of India has granted consent for initiation of contempt proceedings.
Given the mandate and the volume of work to be considered by this Committee, such an action may fall beyond the ambit of the JPC. Further, the Standing Committee of Information Technology already exists and is more than capable of scrutinising such complex matters that involve issues of intermediary liability and content takedowns, it is better if such matter are left to the Standing Committee so that the JPC can fulfil the crucial task of providing a robust framework for the processing of data. This is a tremendous task and there are high public expectations that the JPC will act to safeagaurd user privacy through this path breaking legislation.
Regardless, on the issue of takedowns, as at present there is an absence of a legal order requiring any such action as per the Shreya Singhal decision of the Supreme Court of India. We have witnessed such a situation Twitter itself before, as we noted in a joint letter endorsed by 243 lawyers when Twitter took down a tweet by Shri Prashant Bhushan (link).

Need for more diverse consultations

The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 is an extremely important piece of legislation, and thus the holding of consultations with stakeholders is welcomed. However, as of 20th November 2020, of the 30 consultations held, 19 (63%) had been with industry bodies. Meanwhile, only 3 (10%) consultations have been held with a civil society organisation. Thus, we request the JPC that in the future it hold further consultations with academics, civil society, digital rights experts and organisations, and technologists.

https://preview.redd.it/ffcxqu6wwb161.png?width=480&format=png&auto=webp&s=b4dda10f9674f18b4d66045155bc32e9c0fb2c72
Such groups can offer not only domain expertise but also a unique perspective on how best to regulate the processing of data beyond large technology companies or government departments. By helping the JPC understand how best to not only comprehensively protect the digital rights of the citizens but also ensure that social and economic justice are enshrined in our legislative framework, they can perform an important function and help build a more robust data protection law.
\Kindly note that the Letter dated November 24, 2020 contains an inadvertent error where the name of the chairperson should be spelt as, "Meenakshi Lekhi". We regret this but in all other respects the accuracy of the letter stands.*

Important Documents

  1. Our representation dated November 24, 2020 to the JPC on the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 submitting suggestions on improving process (link)
  2. Our representation dated August 27, 2020 to the JPC on the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 to invite diverse stakeholders specially from the civil society sector (link)
  3. The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 as introduced by the Minister for Electronics and Information Technology, Mr. Ravi Shankar Prasad (link)
We need your support and help to sustain our efforts in protecting your digital rights. We urge you to fund our work by making a one time donation or becoming an IFF member today!
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2020.11.25 04:09 Feelinveryblue It's not the same

I'm about 2 years (23) away from my virginity being seen as "innocent" or cutesy before it turns into a giant red flag and I'm seen as this broken weirdo.
You know doing things as an adult just isn't the same as when you're a teenager.
You have more freedom, More chances to make mistakes, you're experiencing things at the same time as your friends; it's just more fun.
Being an adult is so fucking depressing. Forced to work some job you most likely don't give a shit about 5 days a week, having to wear ugly ass uniform. I know the restrictions on style are going to be very difficult because I never got to express myself as a teen, so I wear lots of colourful makeup and alt clothes.
I feel like a 9-5 is a recipe for depression as a femcel. At least with normies they have their friends/dating/SO/sex life to distract them from the drag of the work week. I just get to go to work and be treated like shit because I act autistic, then come home to nothing and spend my weekends sitting at a computer.
I feel like it's finally hitting me that I'm never going to have that time back. That's it.
The other day I saw, a TikTok of these teenagers going out for a late night bike ride in the city and it just made me feel really sad.
Like I've never had a friendship group or just any friendship where I was respected or appreciated or liked. People would ignore my messages when I'd ask to just go the movies 😂
I have to laugh about these things. I get why people don't believe me when I talk to them about how shit my life is and how socially isolated I am. Like it's practically an achievement in this age of social media.
I'm always going to be in mourning over what I never managed to have. I'm also terrified of aging.
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2020.11.25 03:47 Ok-Drive-3433 I don’t know why it’s hitting me so hard.

I’ve been debating on posting here because I know that it will make me think about it more, but I think I’m ready. About 10 months ago I went through a messy break up. We were together for 3 years. We’ll call her Jessica. (I’m a guy.) I just did not feel the same any longer. Right after me and Jessica broke up, I started talking to someone else. Like within the same week. It helped me cope with it a lot. Partly because the person id started talking to had been a friend for years and years prior; but me and her started talking in “that way” for the first time ever. No feelings at first, just sex. We’ll call her Sophie. I’ve admittedly always had a thing for Sophie, but I never acted on it. She was a member of my friend group and our lives never matched up where we were single at the same time. Me and Sophie started texting almost every single day. From morning to night. We’d hangout on weekends with all of our friends and make out with eachother when I drove her home. It felt forbidden, sneaky, exciting, and new. Like I finally could be with someone I’ve had a crush on for years. We didn’t have sex right away. Sophie was very adamant about not just being a random hookup, but also very adamant about not wanting a relationship. Exclusive fuck buddies, if you will. After about a month we finally had sex. At this point, we had already told eachother we liked eachother. But still holding on to the “let’s not talk about it, let’s just enjoy each others company thing.” Things got heavy after that. It started to feel like a relationship. We’d hang out almost every single day. We’d cuddle, kiss, go out to eat, etc. couple things. This happened for about 2 months. After that Sophie freaked. She told me she didn’t know if she wanted to keep doing this, that she knew she would only hurt me in the end because her last relationship was abusive and she wasn’t ready for a new one, plus we’d been friends already for years. She didn’t want our other friends to feel weird, it was just too much so fast. I waited a week or so. Then I begged her to stay with me. She obliged. After that, the next 3 months it just escalated and escalated. We had stupid nicknames for eachother. I’d eat with her family, she’d eat with mine. We’d watch movies and smoke weed all day just cuddling. We had some of the most passionate sex (sorry that was weird to type) I’ve ever had in my life. We’d become inseparable. We’d have sleepovers like 3 or 4 nights a week. Our friends caught on. People started to notice. I felt love for the first time in a while and it took hold of me. She began saying things to me to solidify these feelings. How she felt her soul felt connected to mine when we had sex, that she’s always had a thing for me too and she always thinks of me. That I make her so happy blahblahblah cheesy paragraphs. The works. She cared about me so much. So I thought. I asked her to be my girlfriend at around the 6 month mark. She said yes. I felt like I loved her. But part of me was scared. I was so overwhelmed. We dated “officially” for 2 weeks. The second week I said some really nasty things to her. Being a real miserable asshole and just putting her down. I understand now how words can effect people, and I regret it. But it happened. Insulting her exes, telling her that some of her life goals were stupid. I literally don’t know why the fuck I said the things I said but I did. After that, she seemed distant. We hung out twice after that but she felt weird to me. Which was so strange. I knew why, but I didn’t understand at the time. That weekend I sent her a text saying that I wanted to break up and that we were better as friends. She said she agreed. That wasn’t what I was expecting. I felt hurt. I told her I was going to see Jessica. That really set her off. She wanted nothing to do with me. We argued via text for about 2 weeks until she blocked me on virtually every social media platform there is. Even text message. Eventually unblocking me on only Facebook messenger to say sorry to me when my grandmother died. This was almost 3 months ago now. I see her out all of the time. About once every 2 weeks. One time she was even at my house hanging with some of my friends (i live with 3 friends) and I felt like I couldn’t breathe. It hurts me. She doesn’t look at me. Doesn’t say a word. I don’t even know who she is anymore. I’ve spent the past 3 months looking like the most desperate asshole known to man. She told me after about a month and a half that she has no feelings for me anymore and that this was all just a mistake. That crushed me. I’ve been begging for her back. She texts me one long paragraph for every 5 I send over a 3 day period. Basically just telling me I’m a piece of shit and we should have never done this. I fell in love with her. I think about her everyday. Everything reminds me of her. I spend hours reading old texts and watching old videos. I feel high school heartbreak. I’ve been drinking all of the time (which she hates) and I’ve been going through 50 emotions every time she briefly speaks to me. Sometimes I’m begging, sometimes I’m mad, sometimes I just want to be friends again, sometimes I block her on messenger. I feel so stuck and depressed, it makes my stomach ache constantly. What do I do? I just want her back so bad but she hates me now. I haven’t had a conversation with her about this face to face since it happened. I love her so much and I’m starting to feel like I have for years. But whenever we do talk now she acts like it was just a fling. You can’t say those things to people and do what we did and expect the other person to feel it was a fling. It’s fucking up my life. I feel really miserable 24/7. Really lousy like I might have screwed up something really great. What should I do? How do I let go? What do I do if I still see her every 2 weeks? How do I do that? I’m sorry if there is any typos on this, I’m on mobile right now.
submitted by Ok-Drive-3433 to getting_over_it [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 23:55 gopher2110 CMV: Student loan forgiveness is bad policy

One of the first policy initiatives that the Biden adminstration may wrestle with is student loan debt. If I were to use social media as a poll, it seems like there is overwhelming support to forgive substantial amounts of student loan debt. On the other side, there are many people who say it's unfair, but seem to be villified for that view.
Because of my personal experience, I'm definitely on the side that believes it's unfair. Listen, I get it, it's extremely appealing to people who graduated within the past 5 years, or are currently accruing debt at a pricey undergrad or graduate program. When I was 23 - 28, I would've been all about it and found ways to justify it to those who opposed it. But the reality of it is, it's not fair. Moreover, it doesn't correct the real issue - the inflated cost of obtaining a degree that in many instances leads to underemployment.
Every person who sacrificed to repay their loans is short-changed. And that includes people who incurred debt during the time when tuition and fees rose well above the rate of inflation and wages stagnated. In other words, there will be a large group of people who are 'victims' of the supposed student loan crisis who are nonetheless left behind. Indeed, this isn't a new problem.
Further, from a dollar perspective it's easy to see how unfair it is both in the short-term and long-term. In the short-term, by discharging the debt, the government is essentially giving the debtor money (for anyone who disagrees, keep in mind that the Federal tax code treats the discharge of debt as taxable income). In other words, the government is giving only a fraction of Americans a valuable benefit without regard to income or need, and perhaps with no strings attached. Indeed, the selection of who receives this benefit is practically based on the timeframe when someone incurred the debt. Basically, the temporal proximity of when a person incurred the debt increases the likelihood that their debt will be discharged. Indeed, those people are more likely to still be carrying student loan debt. In sum, in the near term, only a relatively small amount of the American population will be "given money," and it will disproportionately benefit younger Americans.
The long-term demonstrates the real inequity. Let's assume Tom, Dick, and Harry all incurred the same amount of student loan debt, but graduated at different times but were all 21 when they graduated. All three accrued $50,000 in federal student loan debt, but Tom received his degree in 2010, Dick received his degree in 2015, and Harry received his degree in 2020. We'll also assume that they are subject to the standard repayment term of 10 years at 5% interest. Finally, we'll assume that legislation passes in 2020 that discharges all current federal student loan debt.
Tom paid off his loans in full in 2020. His total repayment was $63,639, by making the minimum monthly payment of $530.
Dick made payments for five years at $530 per month, costing him $31,800.
Harry never made a payment. He will never have to pay the $530 Tom or Dick did.
Now, let's assume they are all prudent (because it is inherent in student loan forgiveness that the beneficiaries of such legislation will not just waste that additional $530 per month) and save that money in some sort of investment vehicle, like a IRA or 401(k), etc until they retire at 65. We'll also assume that the investment grows at a rate of 6% annually.
Tom started saving that $530 per month in 2020 at the age of 31. By the time Tom retires, his investment account grows to $680,638.72. Not bad.
Dick started saving that $530 per month in 2020 at the age of 26. By the time Dick retires, his investment account grows to $947,675.61. $267,036.89 more than Tom.
Harry started saving $530 per month in 2020 at the age of 21. By the time Harry retires, his investment grows to $1,305,031.21. Harry retires with $624,392.49 more than Tom, who retires just 10 years earlier, and $357,355.60 than Dick, who retires only 5 years earlier.
These are not insignificant amounts of money, and frankly really illustrates the long-term inequity of such a policy. Student loan forgiveness substantially increases the wealth of only a certain class of people, which in most cases will be based on their date of birth.
Ironically, one of the reasons people strongly advocate for student loan forgiveness is because prior generations in, say, the 60's, 70's, and 80's didn't have to borrow so much money to obtain a degree. In other words, because they attended college during a certain time frame, they don't face the same struggles as more recent borrowers. Meaning, older Americans seem to have an unfair advantage because of their date of birth. Well, the date of birth becomes the same justification being used to screw over those people who paid their student loan debt, but were also subject to exorbitant tuition. Basically, the government would be saying people born roughly in 1992 and later, are the beneficiaries of this policy. Within that, the younger you are, the better the benefit. Everyone else before then, especially those who also faced the student loan crunch, are SOL. It's hypocrisy. On one hand people justify the cancellation of debt because, in part, it's not fair, but then use the same arbitrary cutoff to gain a benefit.
There is another way to think about why it's short sighted. I won't take credit for this because I saw someone else on Reddit make this point, but unfortunately I don't know their username so I can't give appropriate credit. In any event, as this Redditor pointed out, the boost to the economy will cause increased demand, driving up prices for all sorts of goods and across different economic sectors, including housing. Again, those who didn't receive the benefit of student loan forgiveness will now be forced to pay higher prices because of the increased demand. Well, remember, they couldn't save as much as they wanted and don't have the same disposable income as those who received loan forgiveness.
But let's not forget the parents who saved money to pay for their children's tuition. You could use the same model applied to Tom, Dick, and Harry, but apply it to parents who saved for college and those who didn't. The parents who did save get screwed, while most younger Americans and many parents get an unwarranted leg up towards wealth.
There is also all those people who didn't attend college. Where is their break? Many of those people struggle too. Will the people not poor enough for social welfare programs like housing vouchers and food stamps get some sort of subsidy?
Overall, I agree student loans are a problem and something needs to be done about the cost of education. It's outrageous how expensive it is to obtain a degree, but mass student loan forgiveness is not the answer.
The easiest legislation to pass in the near future is to make it easier to discharge student loans in bankruptcy. That helps people who are destitute, but also remains fair to those who have sacrificed and diligently repaid their loans. Because in reality, only the people who are really in financial trouble will see their loans discharged just as is the case in other types of bankruptcy cases.
submitted by gopher2110 to changemyview [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 22:46 JerSucks ITZY - The Third Mini Album "Not Shy" (Era Recap)

Welcome to the promotional recap for ITZY's third mini album 'Not Shy'!

Not Shy (The Third Mini Album)

Release Date: 200817
Album Cover
Not Shy Unboxing Video (MWave Signed)

Tracklist

Song Lyrics Composition Arrangement
Not Shy J.Y. Park “The Asiansoul” Kobee, Charlotte Wilson Kobee, earattack, J.Y. Park “The Asiansoul”
Don't Give A What 이스란 이우민 ‘collapsedone’, Justin Reinstein, JJean, 엘에이촌놈들 이우민 ‘collapsedone’, 엘에이촌놈들
Louder Dr.JO Kairos Kairos
ID MosPick, Young Chance MosPick, Young Chance MosPick
Surf danke (lalala studio) Greg Bonnick, Hayden Chapman, Cazzi Opeia, Ellen Berg LDN Noise
Be In Love KENZIE KENZIE, Caesar & Loui, Cazzi Opeia KENZIE, Caesar & Loui, Cazzi Opeia
Spotify iTunes Amazon Music
Not Shy album discussion thread

Official MVs & Dance Practices

Video Title Link
Not Shy (Music Video) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wTowEKjDGkU
Be In Love (Music Video) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aASPZ-QdXMo
Not Shy (Performance Version) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IOKMx1jeCjY
Not Shy (Stage Practice) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aYi7hHWG7zw
Not Shy (Dance Practice - Moving Ver.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lMC6_j37TLE
Not Shy (Dance Practice) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d7ZvOX8qZlc
Not Shy (Dance Practice - 낫량특집 Ver.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qFQRHOUOT5M
Not Shy (Dance Practice - Part Switch Ver.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x4SLAd2evKo
Not Shy (Dance Practice - Villain Ver.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3OyjE2U2h14
Not Shy (Dance Practice - Random Speed Ver.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NahUDQMsK9Y
Not Shy (Dance Practice - Hanbok Ver.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zjfAL6BnmH8
Not Shy (Dance Practice - ITZY's Pick Ver.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYDKbWn5Ezk
WANNABE Music Video Discussion Thread

Not Shy Charts, Sales, & Achievements

Not Shy on the charts
Chart Peak
Melon #16
Genie #1
Bugs #1
Flo #3
Not Shy album sales
Chart Sales
Hanteo 161,842 total (as of 201111)
Gaon 219,048 Total (as of November 2020)
in depth look at chart positions and peaks for each song
Not Shy Music Show Wins
Date Title
200826 ITZY take first win for Not Shy on Show Champion!
200828 ITZY take second win for Not Shy on Music Bank!
200903 ITZY take third win for Not Shy on M Countdown!
200910 ITZY take fourth win for Not Shy on M Countdown!
200917 ITZY take fifth win for Not Shy on M Countdown!

Not Shy Comeback Teasers

Date Teaser Type
200731 Not Shy (Opening Trailer)
200731 Not Shy (Comeback Poster)
200731 Not Shy (Album Packaging Preview)
200803 Not Shy (Group Teaser #2)
200805 Not Shy (Yeji Teaser #1)
200805 Not Shy (Lia Teaser #1)
200805 Not Shy (Ryujin Teaser #1)
200805 Not Shy (Chaeryeong Teaser #1)
200805 Not Shy (Yuna Teaser #1)
200805 Not Shy (Album Packaging Preview #2)
200807 Not Shy (Group Teaser #3)
200807 Not Shy (Yeji Teaser #2)
200807 Not Shy (Lia Teaser #2)
200807 Not Shy (Ryujin Teaser #2)
200807 Not Shy (Chaeryeong Teaser #2)
200807 Not Shy (Yuna Teaser #2)
200810 Not Shy (Track List)
200812 Not Shy (MV Teaser)
200814 Not Shy (All Day Relay Live)
200816 Not Shy (Album Spoiler)
200817 Not Shy (D-Day Poster)
200817 Not Shy (MV Reaction)

News & Articles

Date Title
200817 hollywoodlife: ITZY Reveals 'Thrilling' Story About Filming The 'Not Shy' Music Video, Their Favorite Track From New EP & More
200818 buzzfeed: ITZY Broke Down The Creative Process Behind Their New Album "Not Shy"
200818 elle: ITZY on Their EP 'Not Shy,' Touring the U.S., and the High School Superlatives They'd Give Each Other
200818 popcrush: ITZY reveal why they're "Not Shy" on new EP
200818 1883MAGAZINE: ITZY come back with ! Stay tuned with ITZY!
200818 teenvogue: ITZY Gets Their Cake and Eats It, Too, in "Not Shy" Music
200818 elitedaily: ITZY's "Not Shy" About Creating Their Own Path To Success
200818 billboard: ITZY Drops Third Mini-Album 'Not Shy' & Title Track's Music
200825 ITZY has sold 144,355 copies of 'Not Shy' in its first week, more than doubling the first week sales of 'IT'z ME'
200906 Not Shy MV hits 50M views!
200909 WANNABE MV hits 200M views!
200917 ITZY take fifth win for Not Shy on M Countdown
200919 PopWrapped: ITZY Talks 'Not Shy' Music Video, New Album, and More
201113 Soompi: ITZY Opens Up About The Importance Of Self-Esteem + The Kind Of Artist They Strive To Be

Video Appearances

Variety Shows

Date Episode
200707 Bu:QUEST of ITZY EP.01
200709 Bu:QUEST of ITZY EP.02
200714 Bu:QUEST of ITZY EP.03
200716 Bu:QUEST of ITZY EP.04
200721 Bu:QUEST of ITZY EP.05
200723 Bu:QUEST of ITZY EP.06
200728 Bu:QUEST of ITZY EP.07
200730 Bu:QUEST of ITZY EP.08
200817 1theK DOLympiad with ITZY
200814 Hidden Singer 6 EP.2 Mirror
200818 Idol Radio EP.686
200819 Weekly Idol EP.463
200820 ITZY x LINE FRIENDS - Creative Academy EP.02
200824 Dogs are Incredible EP.42
200825 M2 It's You Dance with ITZY
200826 ITZY plays song association game @ ELLE
200827 ITZY x LINE FRIENDS - Creative Academy EP.03
200829 StudioK BOATTA
200902 IDOL LEAGUE Season 2 (2nd Apperance) - 1/4, 2/4, 3/4, 4/4
200903 ITZY x LINE FRIENDS - Creative Academy EP.04
200915 ITZY Talks MIDZY Influence on 'Not Shy', Dream Kpop Collab & More @ J-14 Magazine
200918 ITZY Band-Fessions: See Who's the Messiest, Loudest, and More @ J-14 Magazine
200919 Question Parade @ hello82
200925 Tongue Twister @ hello82
201031 Bu:QUEST of ITZY (BEHIND 01)
201104 Bu:QUEST of ITZY (BEHIND 02)
201106 Bu:QUEST of ITZY (BEHIND 03)
201105 ITZY x LINE FRIENDS - Creative Academy Season 2 EP.01
201112 ITZY x LINE FRIENDS - Creative Academy Season 2 EP.02
201119 ITZY x LINE FRIENDS - Creative Academy Season 2 EP.03

Radio Shows

Date Episode
200818 SBS PowerFM Choi Hwajung's Power Time
200825 MBC Radio Kim Shinyoung's Noon Song of Hope

Official Videos

Date Title
200728 IT'z TOURBOOK in USA EP.11
200804 IT'z TOURBOOK in USA EP.12
200817 Not Shy Countdown Spot Live on Twitter
200817 Not Shy Countdown Spot Live on Instagram
200817 Not Shy Countdown Spot Live on V LIVE
200817 Noy Shy Countdown Spot Live on YouTube
200817 Not Shy (Live Premiere)
200817 Not Shy (Music Video)
200818 Letters to MIDZY
200818 Not Shy (MV Behind - Teaser)
200818 Not Shy (Stage Practice)
200819 ITZY react to When We Disco by JYP & Sunmi
200820 Not Shy (Cheer Guide - ASMR Ver.)
200820 Not Shy (Cheer Guide - 309db Ver.)
200822 Not Shy (Dance Practice - Moving Ver.)
200823 Not Shy (Dance Practice)
200817 Not Shy (Replay Upload)
200824 Not Shy (MV Performance Version)
200827 Not Shy MV Behind #1
200828 Not Shy (Dance Practice - 낫량특집 Ver.)
200831 Not Shy MV Behind #2
200901 Not Shy (Dance Practice - Part Switch Ver.)
200902 Not Shy (Dance Practice - Villain Ver.)
200904 Not Shy (Dance Practice - Random Speed Ver.)
200906 Not Shy (Dance Practice - Hanbok Ver.)
200908 Not Shy (MV Behind #3)
200908 ITZY x Rooftop Live
200910 Not Shy (Dance Practice - ITZY's Pick Ver.)
200914 Not Shy (MV Behind #4)
200921 ITZY OFFICIAL LIGHT RING POP-UP STORE (Teaser)
200922 ITZY OFFICIAL LIGHT RING POP-UP STORE EP.01)
200922 ITZY OFFICIAL LIGHT RING POP UP STORE EP.02)
200923 Not Shy BEHIND #1 (EP.01 - Show Case)
200929 Happy Chuseok Message from ITZY
201001 Not Shy BEHIND (EP.02 - Show Case)
201005 Be In Love (Made by ITZY x MIDZY)
201008 Not Shy BEHIND (EP.03 - Hanbok Dance Practice)
201015 Not Shy BEHIND (EP.04 - Villain Dance Practice)
201022 Not Shy BEHIND (EP.05 - M Countdown & Music Bank)
201029 Not Shy BEHIND (EP.06 - Music Bank & Dance Practice)
201105 Not Shy BEHIND (EP.07 - SHOW! Music Core)
201112 Not Shy BEHIND (EP.08 - 2nd, 3rd Week of Broadcast)
201119 Not Shy BEHIND (EP.09 - The Last Week of Broadcast)

Misc Videos

Date Title
200807 Imagine Your Korea (Travel-a-wish film)
200810 ITZY x LINEFRIENDS - Creative Academy (Teaser)
200810 Weekly Idol VLIVE - Surprise V LIVE with ITZY
200812 [ITZY @ Weekly Idol EP.473 (Preview)[(https://www.reddit.com/ITZY/comments/i8enw9/200812_itzy_weekly_idol_ep473_episode_preview/)
200813 ITZY x LINE FRIENDS Creative Academy EP.01
200814 ITZY x Clalen (Making Film)
200817 SOBA 2020 (TMI Interview)
200817 1theK DOLympiad (Teaser)
200818 ITZY x Teen Vogue Q&A
200818 ITZY Play Superlatives @ Seventeen
200820 Mini Fanmeeting @ M Countdown
200820 Not Shy (M2 Relay Dance)
200821 ITZY @ Harper's BAZAAR Food Diaries: Bite Size - Everything ITZY Eats in a Day
200821 1theK DOLympiad (Behind)
200823 Dogs are Incredible (Episode Preview)
200825 Imagine Your Korea - Rhythm of Vibes CF (Group)
200825 Imagine Your Korea - Rhythm of Light CF (Yeji)
200825 Imagine Your Korea - Rhythm of Healing CF (Chaeryeong)
200825 Imagine Your Korea - Rhythm of Taste CF (Yuna)
200825 Imagine Your Korea - Rhythm of Beauty CF (Ryujin)
200825 Imagine Your Korea - Rhythm of Adventure CF (Lia)
200826 Not Shy @ Show Champion
200826 Not Shy (First Win Encore Stage)
200828 IDOL LEAGUE (Teaser)
200828 StudioK BOATTA (Teaser)
200901 Not Shy (Studio Choom BE ORIGINAL Behind)
200903 Imagine Your Korea (CF Behind)
200903 Behind The Scenes @ M Countdown
200904 Image Your Korea (ITZY and the Kingdom Friend's first day as ambassadors of Korea Tourism
200911 2020 SUPER ON:TACT DAY 1 (ITZY Message Teaser)
200911 2020 SUPER ON:TACT DAY 1 (ITZY Message Teaser 2)
200914 Top in 2nd Week of September, 'ITZY' with 'Not Shy', Encore Stage @ M Countdown
200915 Random Place Dance (Extra Clip) @ Weekly Idol
200916 ITZY x hello82 (Teaser)
200916 My House (Orig. 2PM) (M Countdown Dance Challenge)
200921 ITZY X LINE FRIENDS - #Create_withMIDZY Drawing Challenge
200923 Inteview @ MTV Idols of Asia
200924 Special Interview @ M Countdown
200924 ITZY Answers your Questions @ MTV Asia
200925 Interview @ Tokopedia WIB TV Show
200929 WE:INK Challenge with ITZY
201001 Super ON:TACT (Behind - Polaroid Photoshoot
201029 ITZY x LINE FRIENDS - Creative Academy Season 2 (Teaser)
201120 Unite ON: Live Concert Greeting from ITZY

V Lives

Date V LIVE Title Members in V LIVE
200721 (SUBBED) Oh Happy Lia Day💕 ITZY
200723 (SUBBED) Ryeongchae's Thursday 💕 Chaeryeong
200724 (SUBBED) WAWD😺 Ryujin
200724 (SUBBED) VPICK - RYUJIN’s mosquito episode🗺 Ryujin
200730 (SUBBED) July 30 V😊 Yuna
200731 It's Been A While Since Lia Has Come💙💛 Lia
200825 (SUBBED) ITZY X LINE FRIENDS Homework Live 💕 ITZY
200901 (SUBBED) ITZY X LINE FRIENDS Homework Live 💕 (1) ITZY
200901 ITZY X LINE FRIENDS Homework Live 💕 (2) ITZY
200909 (SUBBED) ITZY X LINE FRIENDS Homework Live 💕 ITZY
200913 ITZY MATBANG Live - Not Shy Promotions Ending ITZY
200914 🖤#11 Yeji & Ryujin
200915 (SUBBED) Ryeongchae-Kinda Night 🌛 (Voice Only) Chaeryeong
200917 🖤#12 Yeji
200917 (SUBBED) VPICK - Yeji talks about being stuck in a shower booth Yeji
200920 (SUBBED) 🌼🧸🎈 Yuna
200922 (SUBBED) ITZY X LINE FRIENDS Homework Live 💕(1) ITZY
200922 (SUBBED) ITZY X LINE FRIENDS Homework Live 💕(2) ITZY
200922 (SUBBED) ITZY X LINE FRIENDS Homework Live 💕(3) ITZY
200922 (SUBBED) ITZY X LINE FRIENDS Homework Live 💕(4) ITZY
200922 (SUBBED) Ryeongchae Night😌💕 Chaeryeong
200923 (SUBBED) Kind of early Chaeryeong night💕 Chaeryeong
200926 (SUBBED) ITZY in Light Ring Pop-up Store ❤️ ITZY
200926 (SUBBED) WAWN😺 Ryujin
200928 ITZY playing yutnori🍁 ITZY
201003 WAWN🌝 Ryujin
201003 🖤#14 Yeji
201004 a Ryeongchae night Chaeryeong
201006 HI MIDZY ~LYA 💗💚🌱 Lia
201007 Hello MIDZY, it's Bella🐶💗 Lia
201007 October Yuna🌼 Yuna
201008 WAWD🌼 Ryujin
201008 🖤#15 Yeji
201016 (SUBBED) 🖤#16 - Dance Covers! Yeji
201016 (SUBBED) VPICK - How to Dance Yeji's Dance Practice🐺 Yeji
201020 RJD🐱 - Dance Covers Ryujin
201020 (SUBBED) VPICK - How to Dance Ryujin's Dance Practice😽 Ryujin
201023 🖤#17 Yeji
201023 🖤#17 2 Yeji, Lia, Ryujin
201026 WAWL🌼 Ryujin
201027 Ryeongchae ✌️💕 Chaeryeong
201031 🖤#18 Yeji
201102 🖤#19 Yeji
201108 🖤#20 Yeji
201109 Yuuna 😎 Yuna
201115 🖤#21 Yeji
201105 (SUBBED) WAWD😺 - Dance Covers Ryujin

Music Show Performances

Date Song
200817 Not Shy @ Not Shy Live Premiere
200817 Be In Love @ Not Shy Live Premiere
200818 Not Shy (Studio Choom BE ORIGINAL
200820 Not Shy @ Cultwo Show
200820 Not Shy @ M Countdown (Comeback Stage)
200821 Not Shy @ Music Bank
200822 Not Shy @ Show Music Core
200823 Not Shy @ Inkigayo
200826 Not Shy (Studio Choom BE ORIGINAL Full Focused Ver.)
200826 Not Shy @ Show Champion
200828 Not Shy @ Music Bank
200829 Not Shy @ Show! Music Core
200830 Not Shy @ Inkigayo
200902 Not Shy @ IDOL LEAGUE
200903 Not Shy @ M Countdown
200904 Not Shy @ Music Bank
200905 Not Shy @ Music Core
200906 Not Shy @ Inkigayo
200906 Not Shy @ KBS Open Concert
200906 Wannabe @ KBS Open Concert
200908 Be In Love @ Rooftop Live
200908 Not Shy @ Rooftop Live
200908 SURF @ Rooftop Live
200910 Not Shy @ M Countdown
200911 Not Shy @ Music Bank
200912 Not Shy @ Music Core
200913 Not Shy @ Inkigayo (Goodbye Stage)
200925 Not Shy @ Tokopedia WIB TV Show
200925 WANNABE @ Tokopedia WIB TV Show
200928 Not Shy @ Naver NOW Party B
201010 WANNABE @ INK Incheon K-POP Concert
201010 Be In Love @ INK Incheon K-POP Concert
201010 Not Shy @ INK Incheon K-POP Concert
201012 Not Shy & WANNABE @ YouTube FanFest 2020
201024 Not Shy @ 2020 DMZ Concert

Behind The Scenes & Photoshoots

Date Title
200805 Melon Artist Profile Page Update
200817 Not Shy (Behind Set Pics)
200818 ITZY @ Weekly Idol (Episode Set Pics Preview for 200819 appearance)
200819 Not Shy (NAVER x Dispatch Shoot - Part 1
200819 Not Shy (NAVER x Dispatch Shoot - Part 2
200822 ITZY @ Weekly Idol (Set Pics for 200819 appearance)
200823 ITZY @ Cultwo Show (Set Pics for 200820 appearance)
200824 Inkigayo PD Note (Not Shy Stage Pics from 200823)
200824 Not Shy (200820 M Countdown Performance + Mini Fanmeet Pics)
200828 Not Shy (200822 Music Core Performance Pics)
200828 Inkigayo PD Note (200823 Not Shy Stage Pics)
200904 Not Shy (200829 Music Core Performance Pics)
200907 Not Shy (200903 M Countdown Performance Pics)
200908 Not Shy (200903 M Countdown #1 Pics)
200908 Not Shy (200903 M Countdown Performance Pics)
200911 Not Shy (200905 Music Core Performance Pics
200911 Inkigayo PD Note (200906 Not Shy Stage Pics)
200914 Not Shy (200910 M Countdown #1 Pics)
200914 Not Shy (200910 M Countdown Performance Pics)
200918 Inkigayo PD Note (200913 Not Shy Stage Pics)

Social Media Updates

Twitter

Date Title
200816 ITZY's VOICE MESSAGES - Guess Who's Who #1
200816 ITZY's VOICE MESSAGES - Guess Who's Who #2
200816 ITZY's VOICE MESSAGES - Guess Who's Who #3
200816 ITZY's VOICE MESSAGES - Guess Who's Who #4
200816 ITZY's VOICE MESSAGES - Guess Who's Who #5
200817 LINE FRIENDS sent us a cake to celebrate our comeback!
200817 Not Shy, MIDZY!
200817 Not Shy, MIDZY! You guys ready to race with us?
200819 ITZY x MIDZY Collaboration
200820 MIDZY'S FAVORITE (Not Shy Dance Practice Vote)
200820 After first Not Shy Stage @ M Coutndown & Yeji & Yuna MCs
200821 After Not Shy Stage @ Music Bank
200822 After Not Shy Stage @ Show Music Core
200823 Not Shy Video Call Event
200823 After Not Shy stage @ Inkigayo
200825 Not Shy playing @ COEX in Seoul!
200827 After Lia's Video Call Event
200828 After Ryujin's Video Call Event
200828 After First and Second wins for Not Shy!
200829 Aftert Music Core
200829 After Yuna's Video Call Event
200830 After Not Shy Stage at Inkigayo
200830 After Chaeryeong's Video Call Event
200901 Hear Not Shy on Apple's 'The A-List: Kpop'
200901 After Yeji's Video Call Event
200902 After Yuna's Video Call Event
200902 After Ryujin's Video Call Event
200902 After Lia's Video Call Event
200903 Pics from 낫량특집 & Villain Dance Practice
200903 After Third Win for Not Shy!
200903 After Chaeryeong's Video Call Event
200904 After Not Shy Stage at Music Bank
200904 After Yeji's Video Call Event
200905 After Not Shy Stage at Music Core
200905 After Yuna's Video Call Event
200906 Not Shy MV hits 50M views!
200906 After Not Shy Stage @ Inkigayo
200906 After Ryujin's Video Call Event
200908 ITZY x ROOFTOP Live Coming Soon!
200909 WANNABE MV hits 200M views!
200909 After Homework Live 1
200909 After Homework Live 2
200910 ITZY prepared rooftop live for MIDZY~ MIDZYs also felt Heart to Heart
200910 After Fourth Win for Not Shy
200910 After Lia's Video Call Event
200911 After Not Shy Stage at Music Bank
200911 After Chaeryeong's Video Call Event
200912 After Not Shy Stage at Music Core
200912 After Yeji's Video Call Event
200913 Not Shy full of MIDZY's love ~ Thank you for giving us happiness for 4 weeks ~ ITZY & MIDZY can be together
200913 After Yeji's Video Call Event
200919 After Lia & Chaeryeong's Video Call Event
200920 After ITZY's Video Call Event - Yeji & Lia
200920 After ITZY's Video Call Event - Ryujin, Chaeryeong, & Yuna
200921 After Yuna's Video Call Event
200921 After Chaeryeong's Video Call Event
200921 After Lia's Video Call Event
200922 After Ryujin's Video Call Event
200922 After Yuna's Video Call Event
200922 After Chaeryeong's Video Call Event
200923 Light Ring Pop-up Store Merchandise
200923 After Lia's Video Call Event
200923 After Ryujin's Video Call Event
200923 After Yeji's Video Call Event
200926 ITZY @ Light Ring Pop-up Store
200926 After Yuna, Yeji, and Ryujin's Video Call Events
200927 Not Shy MV hits 100m Views
200927 Got energy from MIDZY today, too💪🏻 Hope we can meet on stage again soon❤️
200928 NOW is the best moment with MIDZY💖 Thank you for always being with ITZY!🥰
201010 After INK Incheon K-POP Concert
201010 Will Meet you tomorrow at #YTFF2020 (1)
201010 Will Meet you tomorrow at #YTFF2020 (2)
201025 ITZY was so happy to see MIDZY after a long time!
201031 After ITZY's Halloween Video Call Event (1)
201031 After ITZY's Halloween Video Call Event (2)
201113 ITZY is now on ZEPETO

Unfortunately I had to adjust this some do to word count being too much, the rest will be found in the comments under this, however there is also an uncut wiki link right here!

CLICK HERE FOR FULL RECAP

The Second Mini Album 'IT'z ME' Recap

Be sure to check out all of our wiki archives for previous era content!
Be sure to check out all of our wiki archives for previous era content!
There was a lot of stuff to compile, so please let me know if there are any issues with this, or if I missed anything, and I will fix it asap!
submitted by JerSucks to ITZY [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 20:57 Mighty_Killah How did Ethiopia come to civil war? An overview of modern Ethiopian History and how Ethiopian history has shaped events leading to the Tigray Crisis.

How did Ethiopia come to civil war? An overview of modern Ethiopian History and how Ethiopian history has shaped events leading to the Tigray Crisis.
Hello, /neoliberal. I wanted to help summarize the historical events leading to the current civil war happening in Ethiopia between the federal government led by Abiy Ahmed and the regional government of Tigray, led by Debretsion Gebremichael. This situation is incredibly complex, murky, and needs a lot historical context before anything starts making sense. I would like to disclose that, like everyone else in the world, I'm biased, have my own assumptions and opinions, and that many Ethiopians might disagree with my summarizing of history. I've also got family on both sides of this war, lost contact with family in Tigray, and have certainly lost at least one relative already to this war. I'm not objective by any means. Please keep reading and learning, and most of all keep skeptical when reading news about the country and histories that flatten narratives. Here's to the summary:
Summary of Modern Ethiopian History (1850-1974)
Travel back to 1850s Ethiopia. Atse (Emperor) Tewodros II, from the Qwara Region located in modern day northwestern Amhara Region, ends the Zemane Mesafint. The Zemane Mesafint was a time of constant civil wars, where different regions of Ethiopia rebelled to either gain independence from the Ethiopian Empire, or fight to rule over a unified Ethiopia where their region is dominant. Ethiopia is (roughly) the territory shown below:
Rough approximation of the kingdoms comprising the Empire of Ethiopia in 1850's under Atse Tewodros II.
Lots of details cut out here for efficiency, but seeing how the African continent was being colonized by European forces, and wishing to avoid the same fate while continuing to acquire territory to the north and south, Tewodros consolidates his empire and asks to trade with different European powers for modern weaponry. Different European nations deny trading opportunities for different reasons, all essentially having their own imperial objectives in the region and not wanting too strong an independent power in the region. This leads to growing tensions, which erupt with the British, and the British invade Ethiopia to depose Tewodros. After a few uncertain years of rule, Atse Yohannes IV, king of Tigray, rises to the throne and eliminates his rivals claimants.
Wanting to unify Ethiopia, he decides that he will differ from previous Ethiopian emperors in two ways. 1. Ethiopian Emperors would usually appoint governors from their own areas to govern over other regions. This created conflict. Yohannes instead appoints governors from the regions conquered, even if they fought hard against him, and would try a looser grip federally to focus on foreign policy. This proved pretty popular. 2. He declares Christianity the state religion, promising to execute those refusing to convert from their indigenous religions, Judaism, or Islam. This proved much, much less popular. With these policies set out, he expands to the North, and encourages the southern kingdoms to expand even further southward. After a few particularly irksome foreign policy dealings with Italy, the Ottoman Empire, and Great Britain, he becomes frustrated and reckless, leading the frontlines in war against Mahdist Sudan and dying in the process. Many of the Tigrayan elite feel betrayed, suspecting one of Yohannes' kings, Menelik II of double-crossing him.
Map of Ethiopia under Yohannes IV with battle dates.
Menelik II of Shewa was troublesome throughout Yohannes' rule, constantly testing Yohannes IV's patience. Menelik II of Shewa was intent on rising to the top no matter what, and many felt that he was involved in Yohannes' death somehow. Despite this speculation, he defeated his rival claimants and was in charge of this growing, multi-ethnic empire. Growing tensions in north of Ethiopia with the Italians, who had worked with Great Britain on a back-room deal to deceive Ethiopia and annex the coastal territories of Massawa and Asseb that Ethiopians traditionally used to export goods, lead to negotiation and the Treaty of Wuchale. This treaty was bad for Tigray, giving Tigrayan territories to the Italians to ensure that the rest of Ethiopia would have it's independence recognized by European powers. Italy had included a clause in only the Italian translation of the treaty that made Ethiopia a protectorate of Italy. This was to create a cause for war with Ethiopia, where Italy believed they would have the upperhand and conquer the rest quickly after. Things did not go Italy's way, and Menelik rebuffed Italian forces pretty handily. Menelik did not fight to receive back Tigrayan territory in Eritrea, and generally Tigrayans felt marginalized in his dealings. Menelik II went on to centralize rule of Ethiopia, stripping some levels autonomy from all regions, and greatly expanding the empire southwards. Bloody battles and peaceful negotiations incorporated the rest of Ethiopia to the south. Menelik II is deeply controversial for much of his expansion and dealings with southern Ethiopia.

Map of the Horn of Africa near the end of Menelik II's rule in 1914.
Skipping to 1945, the next major emperor is the famous Haile Selassie. In the post-war period, he wanted to centralize Ethiopia further. Note the consistent theme in these accounts: Every federal government wants to centralize power in the federal branch. His reign is also hotly contested in Ethiopia. He pursues a policy of centralization, of unification, and also of creating an ethnic-nationalism for Ethiopia that had not been pursued before. As a modernizer, Haile Selassie wants to create national standards and regulations (moving away from traditional and customary laws), to create a parliament and implement some weakened form of constiutional monarchy, to create infrastructure to connect the country to each other, and to create an Ethiopian ethnic-identity. He opens schools, government offices, and other such things around the country, but instructs them to only use the Amharic language for all governmental and legal affairs. During this time, many around the country went to school for the first time, and proved to be excellent students. However, the forced language of Amharic was off-putting to many who felt tied, historically, culturally, and religiously to languages they used in their regions. In addition, Amharic second-language speakers felt discriminated against for loans, business, jobs, and so on. For various complicated reasons, Haile Selassie is deposed by the Derg, a communist junta with support from the Soviet Union.
Map of Ethiopian Empire at the end of Haile Selassie's rule in 1974. Eritrea was annexed into Ethiopia following WWII.
Primary sources for this section are from Bahru Zewde's A History of Modern Ethiopia and Donald Levine's Greater Ethiopia.
The Ethiopian Revolution, and secession of Eritrea from Ethiopia, and the EPRDF (1974-2018)
Although extremely ideologically different from the monarchy, the Derg also supported the creation of Ethiopian national identity. At first, they promoted the use of Amharic as the national language, but after time they try to compromise with rebels and promise a kind of ethnic-federalism in the country. Derg is fought hard by the EPLF (Eritrean People's Liberation Front), which wants self-determination for Eritrean peoples who they felt were colonized by the Ethiopian Empire. TPLF, the infamous Tigrayan People's Liberation Front, began an armed uprising against the Derg for self-determination rights. Tigray at this point has felt incredibly marginalized, and has been air-bombed and massacred by the Derg. TPLF and EPLF gain control of the northern territories of Ethiopia, and drive out rival movements and uprisings in the North. A coalition of different ethnic groups seeking self-determination rights throw out the Derg in 1991 after the collapse of Soviet support. This coalition, the EPRDF (Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front), abandons their commitment to communism due to the collapse of the USSR, and begins to write the constitution. While in theory all equals, this coalition is pretty strongly lead by the TPLF. EPRDF writes the current governing constitution of Ethiopia. Due to their roots as an organization fighting for self-determination, they write a constitution that divides up the country into administrative regions of various sizes and orders, and grants the right to rule over these regions to ethnic groups that are determined to be indigenous to the zones. In the constitution, any region also has the unconditional right to secede from Ethiopia pending processes. Eritrea takes this option, seceding and becoming an independent nation after a tightly scrutinized referendum. This constitution solves many issues that lead to revolution in Ethiopia, but creates lots of other issues.
Map of Ethiopia in 2000, with administrative regions shown.
Although they still faced issues, marginalized ethnic groups were able to self-administrate, teach and learn in their own languages, and use customary laws to govern their regions. Languages made revivals, people felt they could celebrate their cultures, and so much more. This was not the case everywhere, though. Ethnic federalism, like any drawing of borders and lines, created hotly contested lands. For one example, there is an area in southern Tigray is known as Raya which is deeply and historically ethnically mixed between Amhara, Oromo, and Tigrayan peoples. They are now administered as a part of Tigray Region, despite their mixed history, and those with less Tigrayan heritage feel like second class citizens. In Oromia, there are 10-15 million Amhara who also live without self-determination rights because they are not in the Amhara Region. In the SNNPR, which is a hodge podge region of 40+ ethnic groups combined into one region, there was deep infighting and power struggles between the Sidama, Wolayta, and more. This constitution worked great for more homogenous regions, like Tigray, Afar, and Somali, but failed to create lasting peace due to the contestations over land rights between ethnic groups in diverse, mixed, and border territories.
This is, in addition to the systemic corruption by the EPRDF, lead to massive protests from the Oromo, who have long felt marginalized in general by Ethiopia. In 2016/2017, massive Amhara protests joined, and a cascade of ethnic groups began to protest the EPRDF for alleged corruption, theft, embezzlement, human rights abuses, and more. EPRDF promised more transparency, open election, less corruption, and to appoint a prime minister to facilitate the transition to multi-party democracy. His name? Dr. Abiy Ahmed Ali.
Abiy Ahmed, PM of Ethiopia appointed by the EPRDF. Originally from the Oromo People's Democratic Organization part of the coalition government.
Ethiopia in the Age of Prosperity Party (2018 - Present)
Abiy was, as many here are familiar with, the compromise candidate that everyone was actually excited for. People all over the country thought he would come in and fix all of Ethiopia's problems. From ending Ethiopia's forever-war with Eritrea, to promising liberalization of the economy and democratization of the country following deeply authoritarian rule of EPRDF, he seemed like a magic bullet. He began by allowing opposition groups back into the country if they agreed to disarmament, freeing political prisoners, and publicly investigating and uncovering levels of corruption and authoritarianism in the previous government that shocked even critics of the EPRDF. He consolidated his support among the diaspora with a huge world tour where he promoted his ideology which he called "Medemer."
In 2019, one of the opposition leaders invited back to the country was Jawar Mohammed. While ideologically different, they were both from the Oromo ethnic group and wanted to make Ethiopia better for Oromos than it had been. Abiy was critical of ethnic politics at times, saying to various ethnic-nationalists that it was better to unite under the common banner of Ethiopia. He started to slowly make enemies within the camp that supported ethnic-federalism. Multinational federalists believe that Ethiopia will only be at peace if it keeps the constitution as it is, with regions divided amongst ethnic groups to facilitate ethnic self-rule. He began to replace his advisers that were proponent of multinational federalism, and kept getting challenged by Tigray which was still ruled by TPLF. In addition, Tigrayans felt that Abiy was unfairly targetting Tigrayans with criminal prosecution of corruption. EPRDF was a multi-ethnic coalition, after all, and any corruption mostly likely involved individuals of many ethnic groups. At the end of 2019, Jawar Mohammed felt that he was being targetted by the government as well, spied on and potentially about to be arrested. He sent out a WhatsApp message to his supporters to protect him one day, and many people came out to the streets to try to protect him. Unfortunately, these riots became deadly, killing 70 people.
In 2020, Abiy began to centralize his power ahead of the elections as well, combining the EPRDF coalitional parties into one -- the Prosperity Party (PP). Only one party decided not to join, the TPLF, which called the move unconstitutional and a regressive step back into the centralization days of Haile Selassie or the Derg. Proponents of multinational federalism also felt upset with Abiy over his general continued militarization of the Oromo Region and for his perceived preference for a de-ethnicized politics. In addition, Abiy delayed the 2020 elections almost immediately upon the announcement of COVID-19. Many of all political preferences saw this as an excuse, and with the centralization of power under the PP, politics in the country became increasingly toxic and unproductive. TPLF openly disputed this move, saying it would continue to hold regional elections despite the official postponement. Concurrently, ethnic massacres became much, much too commonplace. Some factions of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), an armed rebel group that wants self-determination for the Oromo peoples, armed up and began trying to seize territories further from Addis in Western Oromia.
While unfortunately not new to Ethiopia, the scale, organization, and sheer number of victims exploded. All over the country, issues over land rights, multinational federalism, and extreme ethnic-nationalism boiled over. This became particularly pronounced after the assassination of popular Oromo protest singer Haachaalu Hundessa. Many Oromos felt deeply connected to him, as he showcased the plight of Oromo farmers outside of Addis Ababa who's lands were being annexed to expand the capital. This caused a wave of fake news and hate speech on social media, in particular Facebook and WhatsApp who had no Ethiopian moderators who were able to understand the hate speech, and massacres again exploded as a result of the increased hatred and animosity. At the end of October, thousands had been killed by these ethnic cleansings. In addition, it was clear that there was regional governmental involvement in these ethnic cleansings. Despite this, the federal government was clearly fighting the OLF with heavy sustained civilian casualties and human rights abuses. Oromos felt over-policed and criminalized, and Amharas felt under threat of genocide at any given moment. Abiy claims that TPLF-loyalists, in coordination with regional governments and OLF are committing these massacres, arming groups and providing intelligence. TPLF claims that Abiy is either allowing these to happen to justify an increase in security presence and martial law, or commiting them himself to ethnically cleanse Oromo Region and other regions from minorities.
After holding their regional elections, TPLF (surprise, surprise) wins by a landslide. There are reports of opposition parties being impeded from entering, such as the Tigrayan opposition party ARENA. This allowed TPLF to only run against secessionist political parties and present itself as the only "moderate" option for Tigray. Many dispute this, though, claiming that these other opposition parties just didn't do their paperwork correctly. This election constitutes the ramp-up of escalatory language, threats, and actions that lead to the 2020 Tigray Crisis. I don't want to get into the Tigray Crisis itself, as reports are unverified by independent media and both sides have presented clear incentives and means of producing propaganda.
In summary, Ethiopia is an incredibly complicated multinational democracy that grew from the corpse of ancient empires to become what it is today. It's formation process created centuries-old evolving ethnic relations/tensions and a political struggle over centralization vs. regional autonomy. Reducing the narrative to "those darn Africans with their petty ethnic hatred" is doing injustice to real struggles some of the most marginalzed people in the world have faced. This war should be considered a warning to multi-ethnic democracies everywhere about the importance of well-handled transitions of power, national reconciliations following tumult, the power that identity and ethnicity play in politics, and social media as a polarizing force that can stoke the flames of already-existing divisions.
submitted by Mighty_Killah to neoliberal [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 18:04 Upstairs_Speech DD from an actual scientist: $NVAX might not be first, but will produce the most effective and easily distributed COVID vaccine that will end up as the vaccine of choice

DD from an actual scientist: $NVAX might not be first, but will produce the most effective and easily distributed COVID vaccine that will end up as the vaccine of choice

$NVAX Summary

  1. Novavax (NVAX) is slightly behind PfizeModerna/AZN/JnJ in the COVID vaccine race but will likely end up with the most effective vaccine with the fewest side effects and will be the easiest to distribute, as if only requires standard refrigeration (4 degrees Celsius).
  2. Many people think that the ~95% efficacy data from PFE/MRNA means that we're in the clear, but the data refers to 95% prevention of symptomatic disease and not 95% prevention of infection, which is an important difference that has been largely overlooked. Based on pre-clinical and Phase 1 clinical data, I think NVAX will be significantly better at not only preventing symptomatic disease, but also better at preventing infection and transmission.
  3. Importantly, NVAX's COVID vaccine (NVX-CoV2327) is the only candidate that can be multiplexed with a flu vaccine resulting in a long-term revenue stream beyond the initial wave of vaccinations providing a convenient option in the likely scenario that annual COVID boosters are recommended.
  4. The mixed results of yesterday's AZN interim update create a buying opportunity for NVAX, as AZN's vaccine candidate was a major competitor as the other low cost, easily distributed vaccine for most of the world. Another near term catalyst within the next 1-2 weeks is an interim update from the Phase 3 UK trial that began in September. Buyout rumors are yet to be substantiated, but NVAX is an attractive acquisition candidate with a market cap of only $6B.

My background:
  • Scientist for 5+ years in vaccine R&D at a major pharmaceutical company. Currently a biomedical PhD candidate at a top 5 program (whatever, nbd)

Positions: I've been in and out over the last couple of months but waited until yesterday to load up. Plan to also add shares.
  • Dec 18 '20 100c
  • Dec 18 '20 110c
  • Jan 15 '21 110c

Bottom line: I think $NVAX is being overlooked due to the recent wave of vaccine news but will end up being the clear vaccine of choice for most of the world and will significantly outgrow it's current $6B market cap. I think short-term catalysts (Phase 3 interim updates, potential buyout) will drive the price higher in the next couple of weeks and like the long-term outlook (global vaccine distribution, annual flu/COVID combo vaccine, potential buyout). This stock has low float and one piece of positive news will send this back to at $120.

DISCUSSION (skip if you're not interested in the science)

Why I think $NVAX will produce the most effective vaccine and why this matters
One of the most important correlates of protection used to estimate vaccine efficacy is the amount of antibodies the vaccine generates in the host, also referred to as antibody titer (high titer = high levels of antibody). NVAX has reported significantly higher antibody titers than any of the other candidates in phase 3 trials: ~6-fold higher than MRNA, ~10.8-fold higher than PFE, and ~10.5 fold higher than AZN (see graph below; source: RA capital).

Small differences in antibody titers shouldn't be overinterpreted, however large differences are more likely to be meaningful and correspond with measurable differences in real-world changes in immunity. Based on the titer data reported to date, we would expect NVAX to have the highest efficacy.

Note the log scaled y-axis

More convincing support for NVAX comes from primate challenge studies in which rhesus macaques were given vaccine or placebo and then exposed to the virus. Monkeys vaccinated with NVX-CoV2327 had zero evidence of viral replication in either the upper or lower airway, whereas monkeys vaccinated with MRNA's vaccine (the most effective vaccine reported to date) had evidence of viral replication in both the upper and lower airways (see graphs below; top graph is NVAX, bottom graph is MRNA).

https://preview.redd.it/bcsd30c6n4161.png?width=1270&format=png&auto=webp&s=c97bb3e889cd45a031a7fdb4841f717eaa2816ec

https://preview.redd.it/sq47cz58n4161.png?width=1081&format=png&auto=webp&s=655951710581046b64d769dc3bfc581ce9da007e
Bear with me, but this data is significant for reasons that require a bit of explanation. First, it's important to understand that protection in the upper airway (i.e. nose/throat) from COVID infection is more challenging to achieve than in the lower airway (i.e. the lungs) with intramuscular injected vaccines. This matters because a vaccine that only protects the lungs without also protecting the upper airway will likely prevent severe disease in the lungs but may not prevent viral infection (reference). In other words, it might prevent a person from getting really sick but it won't prevent them from transmitting the disease to others.

Based on Moderna's challenge data shown above, their vaccine seems to fit the profile of mostly preventing infection in the lungs combined with a lesser degree of protection in the upper airway (at least in rhesus macaques). Now, you might say who cares about a primate challenge study if we have real-world clinical trial data in humans that says the vaccine is 94.5% effective? The reason I care is because all of the interim numbers that have been reported to date refer to the efficacy of preventing symptomatic cases only and not of preventing infection (source). This is a huge deal and is almost certainly not the way that the public has interpreted the headlines to date. (UPDATE: this exact point was addressed by Moderna's CMO this morning source).

If we assume that the non-human primate challenge data presented above is representative of what will happen in humans then I think the efficacy numbers that are being thrown for around for Moderna (and likely PfizeAZN) don't tell the full story and I suspect that the sentiment about the efficacy of these vaccines will change over time. Again, you might ask who cares - this level of efficacy still sounds really good and I completely agree that it's impressive for first generation vaccines made in under a year. These vaccines will be important for rapid immunization of high risk groups and I would gladly take one knowing everything I know now if I was high risk. However, I expect that this overlooked issue of disease prevention versus infection prevention for the PFE/MRNA/AZN vaccine candidates will start getting more air time. Even if it doesn't, the infection data (rather than just the symptomatic disease data) will eventually be released as a secondary endpoint for these trials at some point in the next couple of months.

Unlike Moderna's challenge study, NVAX provided complete protection in both the upper and lower airway, despite using a higher viral challenge dose**. This fits with the superior antibody titer data and leads me to believe that there is a high probability that NVAX will not only have a higher rate of reduction in symptomatic cases but may also provide sterilizing immunity in a large subset of patients, therefore not only preventing disease but also preventing transmission in a subset of patients**. If the challenge data ends up translating in humans - and I think it will - then NVAX will end up having a significantly superior vaccine to the others currently in Phase 3 trials. The potential for NVX-CoV2327 to also prevent infection instead of only preventing symptomatic disease is a big deal and is why I think NVAX is going to become the vaccine of choice even though they are a bit behind their competitors.



Who cares if NVAX ends up with a more effective vaccine if the others will be available first?
NVAX will probably miss part of the first wave of vaccinations for front line workers and high risk individuals if the current timelines hold, but this is a small group of people. However, I anticipate we'll get an interim update from NVAX's Phase 3 UK trial in the next couple of weeks and for all the reasons outlined above, it will be clear that NVAX has the best vaccine well BEFORE the majority of people have been vaccinated.

NVAX is targeting having 100M doses ready by the end of 2020 and will be producing hundreds of millions of doses per quarter beginning 1Q 2021, reaching an annual run rate of 1 billion doses per year by the end of 2021 (source). NVAX has an agreement in place from the UK to purchase 60M doses and an agreement with Canada to supply up to 76M doses. NVAX has an exclusive licensing agreement to produce 1B doses for India and other countries in the developing world and has a partnership with Takeda to produce 250M doses per year for Japan. As a result, I anticipate that NVAX will also have the supply to be able to capture a significant portion of mass vaccination efforts.



I think there is a high probability that annual COVID booster shots will be recommended for most people for the foreseeable future and if so, NVAX stands to benefit the most.
Due to the novelty and severity of COVID-19, I think it's highly likely that periodic (if not annual) boosters of a COVID vaccine will be recommended for most people, especially those in high risk groups. There are several reasons that NVAX will be the primary beneficiary in this scenario - I'll begin by explaining why it's unlikely that the current crop of competitors will be suitable for this application:
  1. mRNA-based vaccines (PfizeModerna) are very painful and I suspect that people vaccinated with them on the first round will be hesitant to get in line and take them again once other more traditional options are available. They're also more expensive per dose and have additional cold chain/logistical challenges.
  2. Vector-based vaccines like AZN/JNJ cannot be re-administered due to vector-based immunity. Your immune system develops an response against the vector itself leading to limited efficacy in subsequent doses.

NVX-CoV2327 on the other hand, has none of these downsides and is well suited for use in this context. Furthermore, NVX-CoV2327 has the potential to be multiplexed with a flu vaccine into a single shot which is an extremely attractive option. Flu vaccinations will probably become even more important in the future with COVID circulating and getting people to take one shot instead of two increases the probability of compliance. NVAX makes a flu shot (Nanoflu) that reached all primary endpoints in a Phase 3 trial and is being submitted for accelerated FDA approval. Nanoflu uses the same adjuvant as NVX-CoV2327 so the potential for being able to multiplex the two vaccines is high. The bottom line is that NVAX has the potential for a significant stream of recurring revenue from COVID booster shots that PFE/MRNA/AZN do not have. A multiplexed flu shot would be the icing on the cake.


CONCLUSION

  1. The market is underappreciating the the fact that interim vaccine data has shown 95% effectiveness of preventing symptomatic disease and not 95% effectiveness of preventing infection and therefore transmission. In my opinion, NVAX will be significantly better in this regard and be in high demand if/when this distinction is made.
  2. NVAX will not only be the most effective vaccine but will be the best COVID vaccine investment due to it's high total addressable market (favorable cost/distribution) and potential for recurring revenue, in conjunction with only a $6B market cap (Moderna has a $39B market cap).
  3. Interim update of Phase 3 UK data represents a significant near-term catalyst. Potential for acquisition cannot be ignored.

I probably missed a few things but this has taken way too long and I need to go back to work. I will do my best to answer any questions.
Thank you for your time.

************************************************************************************
Update #1:
A few people have commented about my use of December calls and how this doesn't align with the DD that I outlined. Here's my logic:
  1. The phase 3 trial in the UK began in September and the first interim update will be provided once a total of 66 cases have been observed. Based on the daily case load observed in the UK since September, the trial should hit the 66 case threshold very soon (1-2 weeks) and we'll be getting an update that I think will lead to a huge pop.
  2. With the subpar data from AZN released yesterday, one of the other low-cost/easily shipped vaccines looks like much less of a threat and I'm more comfortable holding December options while I wait for the interim update to happen.
  3. None of this takes away from how I feel about the long-term prospects; ideally I will profit from these December calls and then roll some of that forward and buy shares.
It's risky but it will pay off huge if we get an announcement in the next 2 weeks.

Update #2:
I mentioned that mRNA based vaccines are painful and that I think it won't play well with the public. Well here's an article I missed from CNBC talking about exactly that point with mRNA vaccines.

https://preview.redd.it/ljke7zk009161.png?width=756&format=png&auto=webp&s=1e963e521ae5f9f767e97ff30f2cda8137e269de
https://preview.redd.it/5we143n709161.png?width=766&format=png&auto=webp&s=2850b2dc955b8f1e28cb1b53b7ea7dad69ee4fd0
I think this is a needle-mover and isn't being talked about. The type of person to volunteer for a vaccine trial is very different than the subset of people in the country that are already reluctant to take a COVID vaccine, or any vaccine for that matter. Once we start vaccinating non-trial participants I think this is going to get more coverage and take some wind out of the sails of Pfizer and Moderna.

************************************************************************************
submitted by Upstairs_Speech to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 17:47 beaniemoo [NA][PvX][SoS][Chillax][Casual][New player friendly][Mmm]Intense Pleasure. Returning/vet are welcome. LF West Coast players, night time players

Every guild has a history. Avoid watching videos if you're eating/drinking. You're welcome.

A little too much about us

  • Our guild started with 4 loners doing drunk Dragon's Stand, got caught up in guild politics. We got hurt, left, then went our own ways till I got sick of flicking my bean alone. So I turned my personal bank into this mess. It was just a few weeks before PoF release, but a year later, we climaxed at level 69 and located at Windswept Haven. Our guild hall is beautifully decorated for max efficiency when it comes to daily harvesting. The hall is also boasted with subtle landmarks from different generations of players who have been groomed here before they moved on to other top tier guilds.
  • If some skip getting laid to join a specific guild event, you know how much Intense Pleasure we’re pumping. (Spoiler alert! He still got laid after we discussed all the possible excuses. Win win~). This post gonna be slong. If you don’t read and swallow it all, you clearly don’t deserve us cuz spitters are quitters >:]
  • We have 2/3 inactive, it’s that time to refresh our roster with fresh meat. We tend to keep our medium girth for ultimate satisfaction, minus any complication. Size matters sometimes. TL;DR skim through bold texts for our main info. Requirements for Potential Members and time table waist down below.
  • The guild will not only be a home for me and my homies, but also for filthy casuals and drama free folks. You want to get online and enjoy every a$$ pecks of the game, minus drama? You’ve come to the right place, my friend. Why solo when you can have an extra hand for rubbing? Why run with people nagging like your co-workers? Or who treat this like a job? Why so serious? Come on now. The whole guild thing should be fun! The choice is in your hand. (Prefer a clean one cuz)
  • We're on the thick side, but not overly populated so we have a chance to get to know you from your head to your toe. Mmm We have players from Murica, Snow Mexican, Kiwi, Downlander, some in Pacific Ocean, lurkers from Europe, etc. The fact that people in remote areas try to bypass security to sneak in our Discord while at work; plus, the amount gamer gorls we have are big testaments for how fun we are as a guild. We want to revive that feeling every time we re-post our recruitment. We also make many discoveries that we're proud of. Like this. Or this
  • Our primary goal is to mentor new/returning players, and fuel some passion onto the vets. So we can get to know each other dirty little secrets better while giving back to the community. The more you know about the game, the more you can help yourself and others. This is from one guildie, quoted from our Discord: “i've had the game since early 2013 or 2014 and barely leveled one account to 80 and despite buying HOT on launch i never played it very much at all despite my professed "love" for the game, but once i joined this guild it gave me a reason to play, it reminded me of all the things i had enjoyed and the sense of community that made guild wars 2 special." Some people found their unlucky way to our post on either reddit, or gw2forum. Otherwise, we single-handedly pick our members. So we know exactly what we're looking for and the personalities that suit our standards.
  • Our motto is Play the game, not the meta. Join for the fun, and stay for the pleasure. You’re highly encouraged to run builds that scream your personality, but also work well in a grouping environment. We have an absolutely no repping environment. We have members who rep 98% of their other guild(s) cuz they have to, or get kicked. But they run 83% of their time with us, in-game and Discord. Repping a guild to us is to show off which hole you're from, it shouldn't be a dealbreaker. Although, we lie a little. We'd appreciated if you rep in guild events so we can round up the numbers. Rep is because you're proud to be a part of. And do rep us during childbirths so we can receive the credits. We usually call our daddy for help
  • We're working professionals, scientists, doctors, nurses, drug dealers, strippers, etc. We understand time is of the essence. If you can only play a little naughty every night, you probably don't want to waste time with an unfit group of people. Or worse, end up stressing out in a toxic environment. This is a game. We want to improve ourselves as players but we don't want it to be our second job. Let's have fun getting it on! If there's any heated moment, we talk it out like grown-ups. We refuse to play the cold-war game (aka no talking). Cuz it'll only fuel unnecessary drama due to misunderstandings.
  • We’ve groomed so many generations of players, especially social anxiety folks and loners. We’re proud to bite them lightly, so they could be open to pugging for group contents and genuinely get better and be more confident IRL. When they best themselves, they venture out to high-end guilds, but still check up on us on a blue moon. That’s the type of community we try to uphold.
  • Got a guild website. It's a big, bad, outdated one. Eventually, we're aspired to make it into the like of Snow Crows, but only for casuals, nubs, and funsies uptime so they learn to play the game a little better. Our ancient site hasn't been touched since the guild release and would need a Lawn Mower 3.0. But it has huge base info from drop-down menus. We hope new players find it useful when starting out. Things you can focus on a specific part of the game. Wikipedia can be a pain to navigate. One of our guild mates comments: "dude thisa website is super informative :open_mouth:" https://intensepleasure.wordpress.com

What we do

  • We're passionate lovers when it comes to fractals. The scratching, biting, pinching type of passion. It is one of the most rewarding end-game contents, and open to those who own none of the expansions to certain levels. And doesn't need to spend time organizing like raids. Hence we choose it to be our PvE focus. It promotes team play a lot. Since the guild's establishment, we run fractal training almost nightly, and has trained approximately over 143 people now on different tiers, with pugs and ex-guildies included. Not big of a number but it's some honest work since I'm the only one training. We strike to level the majority to at least tier 3 fractals. So nobody has to pick up groups ever again. We make it easy for people to learn mechanics and start their own journey to obtain better gears as well as yielding better rewards/golds. I personally run fractal CMs train on Sundays. And I could escort you for tier 1 trainings on most week nights around 8pm or 9pm CST. Absolutely no experience, nor gears required to start doing fractals. You don’t even have to be level 80! Yes, you heard me right. Do say something in guild chat/Discord before LFG because we want to run with each other. That's the point of having guildies, right? Bring in the bitches! First day of Slippery Slope instability. 100CM! Omegalul
  • We are chillax sPvP players A lot of us are in gold/platinum divisions, duo/put up against top 30, or on the 250 leaderboard ourselves. Now we mostly play unranked for funsies, especially for daily completion, or occasional sPvP guild missions. sPvP is only fun when play with friends, even if getting killed and stomped en masse. Hey, it's a game, gotta laugh at ourselves on voice comm, or hear the girls freak out and scream cuz they get jumped at. Definitely more fun than a doctor can prescribe for your heart. We're rusty and we don't mind to admit that we are. But if you ever need to learn the basics of this game mode, you know where to find us. We also exchange homemade builds that are so scary none dares to try. Girl finally learns to take "intense pleasure" phone capture
  • We embrace drinking metas/fungeons/raids (Have to adult in order to join although it's not always involved drinking) "Alcoholism not required but strongly encouraged". We run dungeons because they’re nostalgic af. Just kidding. We have dungeoneers who can teach you anything you need to know about sex dungeons, dragons, and more. We're trying to make fucking dungeons fun dungeons a thing again instead of a thing of the past. Because fungeons are one of the best places to test builds, get rekt, or get familiar with a new class. There are lots of achieves and achieve points for doing dungeons too! And map breaking. They're also free access to people who don't own any expansions. Currently we're running them quite spontaneous so all you have to do is ask if anybody runs it, and we shall group up. Here's our take on a drunk dungeon tour.
  • We run strikes at least once/twice a week on all bosses. Once you finish a run with us, you'll get the mechanics down to the T and get ready to run whenever. Strikes are fairly easy as they're a 10-man introduction to raids, with only a few bosses that are kinky.
  • We try to raid To us, raiding should be a big bad orgy with full of laughters. No gear check; however, require matching underwear. (If you happen to wear them at all) Off-meta builds are acceptable, as long as you do your homework and pull the numbers. Or at least know which side of your face to smash against the keyboard. Our stand for raid is simple. There are 2 things. One. We're not Gods and can't pull dead weights. Two. Meta is the optimal standard, but it shouldn't hinder you from joining/learning mechanics. Therefore you can run any class you have your eyes on, something that is not too scandalous of course. We'd help with build crafting if need be. So you will love what you run and it makes learning a breeze. Because there are already enough guilds/groups that force play certain classes. Even if you're new, and you don't have a big wallet in-game to afford these fancy panties, you can still enjoy the contents. We currently are in need of more bodies who are interested in the game mode. That way we can set up a few progressive, or training runs across different time zones. We try to run spontaneous trains during weeknights around 9-11pm CST. Raid time is always our biggest enemy due to needing 10 people online at the same time. Not only that, we know people are very afraid of flaming and toxicity. So we try our best to drag you into the contents with the intention to have fun and learn something new. Hey, if we won't make it, maybe next time. It's no biggie. That's the attitude we want out of you. One of our first music trains~
  • Typical girl missions run on Friday night, starting @8-9pm CST. We want to move guild missions to a different night cuz it overlaps WvW reset night. But most peeps just save that time slot to catch up with us, so we keep going on Friday night. We just think these guys make an excuse to drink. Since we max out the guild hall, we tend to dedicate that time slot into training raids, or doing meta events, achieve hunting, help our with hero point training, etc. Our missions can also be activated at any time, by a lot of members. You don't have to wait for any officer to open them, just ask around and party up. "Guild commendations" that generated from guild missions are great to get early-game ascended trinkets. Hence we keep running missions. Discord is highly recommended for team sexicommunication and explanation.
  • We have bring-your-own-booze events on Saturday nights. Like dis. It's when Discord is crowded with shit and giggles. We promise no satisfaction since our insurance hasn't covered for that part yet. But you'd save 15% or more on car insurance if you switch to Intense Pleasure. And sometimes we do need professional help..
  • So far we've run Dragon's Stand drinking meta, finding Princess, group jumping puzzles, guild races, slo-mo hp trains, Becky wanna smash sPvP night, gambling dates, drunk Arah, card against humanity nights out, yearly secret Santa. In the future, we hope to incorporate guild hide and seek, guild truth or dare, guild karaoke, guild movie night, etc. It's any guild's dream and we're a big fking dreamer. We currently try to get guild dungeons and dragons going. Buy it's tough since people have their own D&D in real life. With each event, we try to invent our own rules to take shots/sips if you're drinking. Or just something to have a laugh at. You can join drinking juices/milk/wateme. No drinkingcism at all. We had 2 casual meet-ups IRL and we keep telling each other if this shitty guild is still up in the next 5 years, we may make it in Vegas!

Potential members

  • 21+. Our bouncers will ID check you upon joining. And in order to apply for the 'Gamer Grill' tag on Discord, you have to send nudes to Deddy. We’re not quite je ne sais quoi “family friendly” that you can’t even say a fucking swear word. We're also not an ERP (erotic roleplay) guild as much as our guild tag implies. Sad, isn't it? But you can use the tag as a disguise to sneak into one of those parties. There’ll be banters, F bomb, C bomb, you name it. We're very classy though, we only drop them on special occasions, or not. There's no filter around here. At the same time, we're not bad sailors. We would somewhat prefer you to not be a very bad one. Definitely not 7-swear-words-in-one-sentence type or we'll use spanking paddles. We keep our Discord clean from porn and too much vulgarity so it's totally safe for work. We have quite a crowd in their sexy 30s while the rest are 23+, hungry women and men. There’s some exceptions for 19 and 20 babes. But, they have to possess either kissable lips or a spankable derrière. [Mmm] We pick a mature crowd so we could hold a decent, rather spicy conversation. Plus, it won't make you feel out of place in a bunch of teenagers when you're sexy and you know it. Anyone at any level, new/experienced, with some unholy common sense. Who want a no stress zone, and a laid back community to play contents together, you are all very welcome. And thank you!
  • DO NOT talk about anime. It’ll likely go on for hours and kill your phone battery. Be careful of the weebs.
  • You're highly encouraged to get on Discord with us. This is somewhat important. We tend to have Discord toggled on while playing. You don't have to join voice chat or anything, just try to be active on Discord text chat for call-outs and updates. Even if we play different games/game contents, it makes MMO an MMO with some communication. Discord remains our source of interaction during the day when we're at work doing NSFW stuff. That's the only way to get to know you before we could group up at night, if any. It's ok if you don't have a microphone; or under IRL circumstances, you cannot talk. We will never force you to do anything you're not comfy with. The ability to listen is a must. Period. Not required but it does make a huge difference in group contents. A lot of us are shy and some mute themselves on Discord, just so they can listen and reply through text chat in-game. It's totally okay. It makes processing info faster and you focus on the things that matter the most instead of typing 5 paragraphs just to ask questions. And that's what we're trying to promote one way or another. So we social anxiety folks can improve little by little. Discord makes training runs/guild missions/most group contents 10 times smoother. And we're here to do group contents, right? We understand wholeheartedly if your voice may cause certain body reactions to us and that's what you're afraid of. Fear Not This Night and let your voice porn be heard! It will give us a chance to get to know you better.
  • We don't judge a book by its cover and have been recruiting people who just turned into new mums/dads, LGBTQIA+, couples, special needs, etc. We'd treat you with respect and we'd want the same in return. One for all and all for one vibe. We want our community to be rich with different backgrounds, stories and even accents. Our peeps are mature oriented, at the same time we don't take shit seriously. This is a game and casual at its best too. We group up to play other games, like D3, Smite, Overwatch, Monster Hunter World, Tom Clancy's The Division 2, etc. But GW2 remains our go-to for the rich lore since GW1, endless exploration, and group events that never get old of bugs. And because of its casual nature, GW2 is very good to play with friends, de-stress after work/after kids going to bed. It's just a great, dynamic, engaging MMO to play when you don't have that much time to grind.
  • There's only one thing to strictly keep in mind is to respect others, regarding of their genders, statuses, races, nationalities, religions, or sexual orientations. We maybe beautiful for our own good but we don't want to be featured in a soap opera series. For that, we don’t tolerate drama, sexism, harassment, or verbal abuse under any case, especially against our female part of the population, in which we have quite a growing number. Ooh and no elitism please. Thank you.
  • Since work/school/quickie gets in the way during the day, we often get online and play after reset. (Reset time is 6pm CST now) So we'll want anyone who can fit these bills: You are always welcome to join <3 even if the time table is not your prime time.
     * OCX night time. * Aussies: 11:30am – 5:30pm ACST Kiwis: 3pm – 9pm NZDT. * NA prime time. 8-9pm CST until 2-3am CST Or 6-7pm PST to 12-1am PST. NA insomniacs, where ya at? 
  • Aren't you tired when joining a new guild and get asked to represent them? Like whatttt? You barely know anybody there. Or get face spammed in map chat to join this guild A, that guild B which you know nothing about? What the heck they stand for and what are they doing? If you're a big lurker? And let's be real, you never really run anything with your near 500-member guilds. You're there for the max guild hall benefits and have bodies to do group hugs. Eventually, you'll leave because they’re glorified map chats that your tiny weeny chatbox can’t keep up with. Or end up playing alone too often because your smaller guilds are too dang small to satisfy you have anyone to play with. Smaller guilds tend to have fewer online people at any given time. We've been there done that. It makes you feel like playing solo because there's no one online when you do. Nobody to group up with. Know those feelings quite well, don't you? Time to put an end to all that misery, hiding, and lurking. Come out and play, you * censored *. Although, our thick, medium size might not reflect anything because we have members who are inactive for a millennia. We don't have a heart to kick them yet. We got a rich vein of ore you’d love to swing a few times for extra experiences if our offer is not moist enough already.
  • We won't ask 100 first-date questions. There isn't any application to apply. We get asked that a lot, as to why. This is actually a very simple test. You feel amused, you like what you see, you'd love to sign up even if all this is bluffing. If you don't, you walk away because of this huge wall of text. So yeah, consider us an upscale lounge with drinks on the house. Come on in, chill, have some fun. If we're not what you're looking, our door is open 24/7. There are a lot of amazing guilds out there, you have options, you have more choices. Ask for an invite, we'd provide one. Ask for any extra services, we will charge upon the hour. Jk. We require some common sense. Humor is a plus. When it’s needed, you’re not afraid to get down and get dirty. Ooh baby. We have fun in the allotted time while trying our best for the team/the guild. That's the mentality in almost anything guild related contents. It's ok if you suck _____ (Fill in the blank) But as long as you try your best, we appreciate you. That's all that matters. Don't worry about wiping and failing. It's part of the process. If you read this far (we secretly hope you do), and you've been nodding with a few things being said and soon to be done, that is more than enough to show our chemistry. We hope to expand that chemistry into a beautiful relationship. The deeper the better. (That's what -She)
  • If any of the above hits your Gspot, whisper in our ear your account name (ex: NUDE.6969). Or either let us know your sluttiest character name, or simply comment here if you're an exhibitionist. We cannot wait to bend you over, and do all these wonderful things to you. We know you're biting your bottom lip just thinking about it now. Stahp it. We wish you an incredible day/night wherever the f you are. We also thank you very much for your precious time to tap into this enormous zone post and consider us at some point. And of course be stupidly brave enough to apply. Sometimes people just don't click. We understand that. #feelbadman if it happens between us. If you pass us by, we wish you nothing but the best of luck in finding your one true home. If you have further questions regarding our guild, feel free to shoot them, preferably on the belly. Not the hair! We'll get to you as soon as we are able to. We're waiting patiently for your reply. Until then P.S. Huge congratulations on reading this shit post all the way through. Woooo.
submitted by beaniemoo to guildrecruitment [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 17:38 ljfreddy Where do you go to learn new marketing skills?

Ok, little bit of a meta post here. I'm a marketing strategist for startups and small businesses, which means I offer coaching, consulting, and online courses for them to learn the principles of growth marketing. I focus mainly on teaching marketing automation (using any software or tool that works for that business).
I've taken my in-person workshops and turned them into an online marketing automation course, and would like to find more places to connect with and provide free resources for potential students. I write a fair amount of content for my own blog, have some free resources on my website, and a social media presence, but looking for more niche places to start talking with people. This is not a halfhearted attempt to sell to you lovely people on reddit (I know better than that and I come here for real discussions, which I think reddit is best suited for). Instead, I'd love to know places besides here that you go to learn new marketing skills. Are there Facebook groups or Twitter threads that you love? Which blogs do you stay up to date with? Any random forums that may be helpful? Do you end up just googling a lot? Any particular places you go if you're looking for new training for your team?
Thanks for any ideas!
submitted by ljfreddy to marketing [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 17:31 IndependentYoga Tokenomics , Forecast, News Update

Read full story: medium.com/verasity

Tokenomics , Forecast, News Update

Tokenomics, Forecast & News Update

Introduction

The KuCoin hack, OKEx debacle, Bitmax shutdown and BTC dominance appreciation slowed down Verasity’s momentum just as we launched one of the biggest esports events in crypto (UWS PUBG tournament).
Nevertheless our technical accomplishments and ability to scale have never been better. All the parts of the Verasity ecosystem are coming together in the best possible way.
This article is meant to update the community as well as provide new information about what we have accomplished and are doing to make this the best project in crypto.

VRA Token Distribution & Circulating Supply Update

Below is a table setting out Verasity’s calculated Circulating Supply, locked and unlocked tokens. We will update this quarterly.
Etherscan links:
Total VRA Supply
Founders & Team Tokens
Total Wallet #1 — Foundation

Founders Token Unlock Schedule

Founders tokens are locked until the price of VRA reaches a target which is approximately in the range of the ICO price. To give the exact target price will harm investors as traders will take advantage of that data point. As long as the price remains below the target price, the Founders & Team tokens will not be released.
Only when the target price is reached can the Founders & Team pool be released annually. In each year (2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023) the Founders & Team qualify to receive upto 25% of their allocation if the minimum price condition has been achieved. If the target price has not been reached then the tokens remain locked. No tokens will become available for release in 2020.
We don’t believe that the Founders & Team tokens are a market overhang due to the onerous restrictions of the unlock schedule.

Funding Update

Current resources held by Verasity fund the project roadmap which has been published for the next 12 months. We forecast (see below) reaching profitability in 2021 which will finance the continuing runway thereafter.
The Foundation Reserve has sold 355,300,000 tokens (12.9% of its original total) to finance exchange listings and other costs. In the future, additional listings and expenses may require sales of VRA from the Foundation Reserve. Verasity had anticipated and disclosed this in the tokenomics update of April. See further information about the Foundation tokens in the VRA Token distribution section of this article.

VeraWallet Staking Program Update

Based on the staking program operating at full capacity throughout the calendar year 2021, and ignoring the timing of deposits and withdrawals, a maximum of 847,500,000 VRA will be required to pay the daily staking rewards. The staking reward rate is 0.1% per day (36.5% per annum) until 31 March 2021 when it becomes 0.07% daily (25.55% pa) until 31 December 2021.
Given that the staking rewards come from the Foundation Reserve or market purchases by Verasity, we believe that staking rewards have not been inflationary to total supply.

New VeraWallet Features Coming Soon

Liquidity Mining
Earn additional VRA by providing liquidity for a selected token pair. Send equal amounts of VRA and a trading pair token (i.e. DAI) to a special VeraWallet address to create a liquidity pool. Once active this will generate VRA rewards for each day of providing liquidity. You can withdraw your tokens from the liquidity pool after a fixed period or can leave your tokens for the whole liquidity mining period.
Instant Buy & Stake
Additional Top Up Methods
We will expand the credit card facilities to other vendors which will be announced soon.

Exchanges Update

Verasity started 2020 with a listing on KuCoin ‘one of the most popular and secure cryptocurrency exchanges’ and soon VRA’s trading volume was up to $250k — $500k organic volume per day, liquidity was deep and VRA’s price was trending upwards. Then, on 25th September 2020, KuCoin announced it had been hacked and it had frozen withdrawals. Following this, in early November Bitmax announced its interface was down for a week preventing any trading.
Without adequate liquidity from our largest exchanges and in combination with the rise of Bitcoin dominance from 58% to 67% of the overall market, VRA came under great pressure and its price fell from the end of September onwards.
Also in September, Verasity launched its Ultimate Warrior Showdown event in collaboration with the exchange OKEx. We were very pleased with the millions of video views achieved and we were looking forward to developing our working relationship with OKEx, however, shortly after the event’s conclusion the founder of OKEx was detained by the Chinese authorities and withdrawals were suspended by the exchange.
These four external events slowed our momentum.
We are glad that OKEx plans to reopen its withdrawals next week but we are now reluctant to deal with any exchanges that have ongoing investigations by government authorities.
Verasity is aware of the importance of having secure and liquid exchanges to trade VRA and it is one of our objectives to increase the quantity and quality of exchanges we are listed on. Over the next few months we plan to add new exchanges in various jurisdictions. We will be working with expert advisers and diving deeper into our due diligence on potential exchanges. We are currently negotiating with several exchanges but make no promises as to timing given that crypto exchanges are so vulnerable to hackers as well as regulatory risks (see OKEx & BitMEX). Verasity cannot predict which exchanges will have issues as we don’t control exchanges.
Do keep in mind that the community requested the following exchanges over the last six months: Bittrex, OKEx, KuCoin, Bitmax & Bitmart. We delivered on all of these exchanges but had to pause OKEx because of the government investigation and withdrawal stoppage.
We are currently close to finalizing a listing and hope to announce soon. Listings are announced by exchanges, so you will know when we are listed.

Buyback and Burn Update

Verasity has burned 2,135,033,305 VRA (17% of original total supply) since its launch. However, in 2020 there have been no burns because the income generated in the year was not sufficient to cover the additional expense of a substantial buyback.
This does not mean that Verasity has abandoned its intention to buy back and burn, it only means that we are waiting for our net revenues and fees to grow (see forecast below).
With regard to the communication of token burns, our legal advisers state that due to certain territories where VRA is available we cannot make commitments to dates, amounts or rates of future burns. Otherwise we risk being considered a security token and being delisted from certain exchanges (and not be able to get onto new ones). Hence we have to repeat that ‘a random amount of net revenues and fees earned by Verasity in fiat are used to buy back VRA from exchanges to burn’. Once a burn has taken place we will inform the community and it will be visible on the blockchain. We anticipate buy backs in 2021 and will inform the community after they take place.
Once we reach profitability which is anticipated in 2021 (see the forecast below), the Verasity Foundation is committed to buy back and burn VRA. Please note that Verasity is a foundation and by law is not allowed to distribute profits (it cannot declare a dividend) so to maximise token holders’ value it will continue to buyback and burn VRA.

Business Model

Our fundamental model has not changed:
Video publishers attract audiences to watch video content and ads. Users are rewarded for it, thereby increasing engagement and monetization.
This model has not changed. What has changed is the type of video publisher we are pursuing. Prior to COVID-19, we pursued traditional publishers. With COVID-19, we saw the opportunity to pursue gaming publishers and more specifically esports publishers. More importantly, we created our own tournament platform: esportsfightclub.com. This allows us to control our own environment, launch our own proprietary video player, own our video content, run ads on our player, and charge subscription fees as well as take tournament fees.
This also allows us to scale at our chosen rate. Initially we tested huge tournaments with the largest brands and broadcasters and now are doing smaller scale events to give us the space to build out more features for the platform before the next big tournament.
Esports Fight Club will require players to use VRA to purchase subscriptions via several payment systems: VeraWallet, PayPal and Credit Cards (although some tournaments are free for promotional purposes). Winners receive VRA for winning tournaments. Soon players will also be rewarded VRA for watching ads. Verasity profits from the purchase of game credits, subscriptions, tournament prize pools and ads. This is an entire ecosystem all within Verasity.
Some of the community asked us why we are doing smaller events now after such large events. Building a platform is not just about huge marketing. Our technical roadmap actually calls for different size events (micro events) in different periods, which allows the platform to add features and functionality that has been included in the development roadmap as well as to grow the platform organically. For more about Esports Fight Club’s future plans see this video with Mike Stubbs.
Initially we started with two world class tournaments which brought in millions of viewers and tested our platform. Now we are running micro tournaments while we build out the platform features to accommodate our vision of a world class tournament platform. This will include our proprietary video player as well as ad stack and finally Proof of View which will make the ad monetization so much more valuable.
It may be difficult to see the forest from the trees, but all the parts are coming together now:

Recent Achievements

In crypto it’s easy to forget what we have accomplished so far. Just in the last few months we have:

Our Reach in Gaming

Tencent
We had the first third party multi-country PUBG Mobile tournament with Tencent approval and in 2021 have an opportunity for in-game rewards once we have put on further large scale tournaments. This will put Esports Fight Club and Verasity in a unique position.
Tencent and Verasity will continue to explore multiple avenues to work together across multiple regional Intellectual Properties around PUBG Mobile and Asian markets.
Athena Gaming & Warmania
Diversifying esports activations through multiple localised companies to promote regional growth like Athena and Warmania.
Blizzard
Obtaining tournament licenses for all major games.
Because we are a small team, we have not had the resources to fully utilize our reach. We will do so in 2021 with large companies and projects to help us scale.
Additional Esports Fight Club activities
Verasity Scale & Adoption
Our PUBG tournament was one of the most successful events with this scale of adoption in crypto. Other platforms pale in comparison with thousands of views not millions. After our beta we went into full scale mode without a hitch — millions of video viewers without any issues. Now we are running smaller events while we expand the platform organically and build out important features and functionalities.
Our tournament had a prize pool that was five times smaller than the PMPL SA 2020 tournament but performed comparatively, and had a prize pool that was half the size of the Binance tournament but our stats were 88 times larger.

Roadmap Completions this Quarter so far

Although we announced this, few in our community took this big accomplishment in:
We added games last quarter:
and will add more in this Quarter:
Added features to Esports Fight Club:
Expanded current company and gaming relationships geographically to North America, EU & South East Asia.

Verasity Metrics

As of October we had a month on month increase in social stats of 26% and 154% over the previous 12 months. See the metrics here.

News!

  1. We have an agreement with Stripe Payment Systemto provide credit card payments in 135 currencies worldwide for Esports Fight Club. 2.8m websites use Stripe as a payment system with half in the USA. Now Esports Fight Club will include 3 payment systems: Stripe, PayPal and VeraWallet. Between Stripe and PayPal they cover over 50k gaming sites.
Stripe will allow us to:
Now that we have an agreement, Stripe integration will be completed in this quarter.
  1. Esports Fight Club has been working on partnerships within the esports ecosystem to promote cross platform rewards.
To this end we have been in discussions with major peripheral manufacturers including E- Blue, Razer and SteelSeries. As soon as agreements are reached, we will jointly announce sponsored product peripherals that will be rewarded in our tournaments.

Revenue Forecast*

Verasity earns revenue through subscriptions to its gaming and tournament platforms, commission on tournament prize pools, video ad revenues and on transaction fees for use of Verasity products.
Revenues in 2020 were lower than anticipated in part because of our need to pivot to gaming publishers due to the COVID pandemic which affected traditional brand advertising and publisher revenues. We have taken this into consideration in the revised forecast.
In Q1 2021 no material revenue is expected to be generated from Esports Fight Club or from ad revenues.
As the gaming platform develops and our proprietary ad stack is implemented revenue grows month by month. We anticipate that non-gaming publisher sites provide further video ad revenues from Q3 2021 onwards. Additional revenues are expected from the implementation of Proof of View in the latter part of 2021. We expect that the majority of revenues will accrue from ads.
3 Year Forecast*
Buyback and Burn Forecast*
As part of Verasity’s intention to buyback and burn tokens it has included in its forecast three annualised purchases. As discussed above we are unable to commit to dates or amounts of future burns, however as part of the forecast we would like to share what it may look like.*
In 2021, the forecast contains a total buyback and burn of 500,000,000 tokens at an estimated average price of $0.0010 (total $500,000).
In 2022, the forecast contains a total buyback and burn of 1,500,000,000 tokens at an estimated average price of $0.0025 (total $3,750,000).
In 2023, the forecast contains a total buyback and burn of 1,500,000,000 tokens at an estimated average price of $0.0050 (total $7,500,000).
Based on the forecast, we will endeavour to buyback 3.5 billion VRA or 34% of the current total supply, and Verasity would have generated a surplus of $1.9m for future growth and buybacks. Please note that the average prices used to calculate the buybacks are not targets or guarantees for the future price of VRA.*

Our Crypto Community Relationship

The crypto space and community is very unique, one that truly requires more attention from our side. Although we build amazing tech with real world applications, we have not succeeded in taking you with us on the Verasity journey. One big problem we have had is that esports and crypto live in two different worlds. Esports is only on Discord and Instagram, whereas crypto lives on Telegram and Twitter. We have added a Social Wall and hoped that more crypto followers of Verasity would check it out more often.
To get more community involvement we will start doing more AMAs, producing video and podcast content on a regular basis to keep the community informed and widen our crypto audience. To update the community on Esports Fight Club we will post a series of videos and post them across our socials. Here is the first one. We will also start providing quarterly business stats starting in 2021 so that investors can follow our progress much like public stock companies.
We are all here to work with the crypto community and to build the amazing future of Verasity together with you.

Expanding our Reach

We are always looking to expand our reach in order to grow the project. If members of our community have direct contacts with companies and projects that they think will be helpful to growing our business please let us know through our admins. What is helpful here are actual direct contacts and not just company names. Consider our current business as we want to focus on gaming, esports and video partners.
**Forward-Looking Statements*
Certain information set forth in this presentation contains “forward-looking information”, including “future-oriented financial information” and “financial outlook”, under applicable securities laws (collectively referred to herein as forward-looking statements). Except for statements of historical fact, the information contained herein constitutes forward-looking statements and includes, but is not limited to, the (i) projected financial performance of the Company; (ii) the use of proceeds and profits for buy backs hereunder; (iii) the expected development of the Company’s business; (iv) execution of the Company’s vision and growth strategy; (v) completion of the Company’s projects that are currently underway, in development or otherwise under consideration; (vi) future liquidity, working capital, and capital requirements. Forward-looking statements are provided to allow potential investors the opportunity to understand management’s beliefs and opinions in respect of the future so that they may use such beliefs and opinions as one factor in evaluating an investment.
These statements are not guarantees of future performance and undue reliance should not be placed on them. Such forward-looking statements necessarily involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, which may cause actual performance and financial results in future periods to differ materially from any projections of future performance or result expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.
Although forward-looking statements contained in this presentation are based upon what management of the Company believes are reasonable assumptions, there can be no assurance that forward-looking statements will prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. The Company undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements if circumstances or management’s estimates or opinions should change except as required by applicable securities laws. The reader is cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements.
Verasity tokens are subject to these terms and conditions.
About Verasity.tv
REWARDS BASED PLATFORM FOR ESPORTS, GAMING AND VIDEO ENTERTAINMENT
Verasity provides proprietary technology uniquely rewarding gamers, viewers and publishers. Verasity is a crypto-based platform with the VRA token that aims to revolutionise the online advertising business. With its innovative Proof of View system, advertisers are able to guarantee their video ads are seen and not ignored thanks to smart contracts on the Ethereum chain, while viewers are able to earn VRA simply by watching the content they already consume. Verasity has a focus on gaming publishers and esports.
Verasity revenue streams include:
Game subscriptions, jackpot revenue rake and video ad revenues. Read about the tokenomics, forecast, buy back and burn here.
📖 Read our latest adoption metrics and one page overview
📈 Find where VRA (ticker) is trading onCoinMarketCap
VRA can be staked for 36.5% annual interest at https://verawallet.tv.
Follow Us:
Medium: https://medium.com/verasity
Twitter: https://twitter.com/verasitytech
Website: https://verasity.io
Telegram Token Discussion: https://t.me/Verasity_Official
Telegram Token Announcements: https://t.me/verasity
Verasity Gaming: https://t.me/verasity_gaming
Facebook: https://facebook.com/verasitytech
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/verasity
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/verasity
Blockfolio Signals: Follow VRA to receive updates straight from the team
Join our local groups, we have support in the following languages
Brazilian chat 🇧🇷 — https://t.me/Verasity_BR
Indonesian chat 🇮🇩 — https://t.me/verasityindonesia
Japanese chat 🇯🇵 — https://t.me/verasityjapanese
Korean chat 🇰🇷 — https://t.me/Verasity_Korea
Persian chat 🇮🇷 — https://t.me/verasity_irn
Russian chat 🇷🇺 — https://t.me/VerasityRU
Spanish chat 🇪🇸 — https://t.me/verasity_spanish
Turkish chat 🇹🇷 — https://t.me/VerasityTR
Vietnamese chat 🇻🇳 — https://t.me/Verasity_Vietnam
Philippines chat 🇵🇭 — https://t.me/verasity_philippines
Indian chat 🇮🇳 — https://t.me/VerasityIndia
WeChat — PM @cryptomeo on Telegram
If you are a Game Developer or Video Publisher and want to grow your audience and revenue by 500% click thelinkto talk to the team
Tokenomics , Forecast, News Update was originally published in Verasity on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.
-- Integrate with Verasity:
👩‍💻verasity.tv
👊esportfightclub.com
🎮games.verasity.tv
🕊twitter.com/verasitytech
submitted by IndependentYoga to Verasity [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 16:58 jtf71 Come help VA Jan 18 2021 (and Dem fuckery)

EDIT: I'm just a member posting from the VA-Alert. I have no further information and do not officially represent VCDL.
The Virginia anti-gun Democrat leadership is trying desperately to suppress VCDL's Lobby Day in 2021 - but they won't succeed. Lobby Day this year will be more eye-popping than last year and you will be warmer to boot!
The Governor and the Democrats that control the General Assembly really, really don't want another massive VCDL Lobby Day and rally on January 18, 2021, so games are being played to silence us.
VCDL was told years ago that an application to use the Bell Tower for an event more than six months out would not even be accepted. We have followed that rule, booked six months out, and gotten the 11 am slot for 17 years. This year, when we applied exactly six months out, we were told that the 11 am slot was already booked! In fact, every slot was filled except the 6 am and 6 pm slots.
How was that even possible? We had booked right at the six month mark.
We got a copy of a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) document containing the applications that had been accepted by the Department of General Services (DGS) for Lobby Day on January 18, 2021. Lo and behold - the 11am slot had been requested by Andrew Goddard and Lori Haas with the Virginia Center For Public Safety (a gun-control group with ties to Michael Bloomberg). Here's the kicker - DGS accepted the application, which had been filed OVER A YEAR IN ADVANCE (January 14, 2020)! That was even before the VCDL's 2020 Lobby Day event!
If Lori Haas's name sounds familiar, she's the paid gun-control lobbyist who the Democrats put on the supposedly non-partisan Crime Commission a few months ago, destroying the Commission's credibility on any gun-related items.
The other slots were taken by the following organizations (note the dates the applications were submitted - all self-proclaimed progressive organizations, all magically within a few days of Goddard's application, and all before VCDL's Lobby Day 2020!):
9 am: Care in Action. Applied on January 17, 2020. 1 pm: Progress Virginia (another gun-control rally). Applied on January 17, 2020. 3 pm: New Virginia Majority. Applied on January 19, 2020.
DGS's own rules say they will grant the venues to the first applicant with a valid application. That would have made VCDL the first valid applicant for the 11 am slot (or any of the slots for that matter). But that's not what is being done.
And that's not all: notification of who has actually gotten the slots won't be known until mid-December, making planning for such an event very difficult.
A new set of rules is in the process of being passed, which will allow DGS to postpone the event if the Governor or the General Assembly decides they want to use the grounds at that time. So, the day before Lobby Day, DGS could decide that some Senator needs to use the Bell Tower for one of his events and VCDL's event will be cancelled and moved to some other date. Also, If more than the maximum number of people show up for an event, it can be cancelled. I kid you not. Proposed changes can be seen here.
And then there are all the COVID-19 games that can be played by the Governor, as well as the House holding their session virtually in 2021.
If the Governor and the Democrats in the General Assembly want to play games in order to suppress our right to free speech, then we'll play a game of our own: it's called #Rolling4the2A, and this they can't stop.
You may have heard of the annual "Rolling Thunder" event in DC and the massive "Trump Trains" recently. Both involve hundreds of vehicles with flags and signs traveling together to express support for a cause.
VCDL is going to do that on January 18, but on steroids!
VCDL's lobbying effort on January 18 is going to consist of thousands of vehicles in four major caravans coming from the corners of the state and all of them headed to Richmond! We will post the times the various caravans should be passing key locations so those along the routes can join the caravans as it passes by their area.
The four major caravans will all flood into the Richmond area over a 4 hour period in the afternoon and will pass through the center of Richmond, near wherever the Senate is meeting.
We will have flags and magnetic signs for all the vehicles which are taking part in this event, so everyone watching the seemingly never-ending flow of vehicles will have no doubt about the mission of those vehicles.
We are already planning on how to cover and coordinate this event over social media, including having guest speakers live-streaming and allowing everyone to know where the various caravans are located as they move across the state.
Obviously we want as many vehicles as possible in each caravan, but we are looking at having some "decked-out" buses ("wrapped" with pro-gun messages) for those who simply cannot drive, but still want to be part of this incredible event.
As a bonus, you can stay armed, you can stay warm and/or dry in your vehicle, and no worries about finding a place to park!
This is going to be SOOOO cool. Yes, there will be a lot of driving from some of you, but it will be worth it. The message we will be sending will be heard not only in Richmond, but in the whole state, and across the country!
What if I want to park my vehicle and walk around Richmond armed?
While VCDL is not holding an event in Richmond, you are certainly allowed to park your car and walk around the City armed if you wish. Carry signs if you wish, too. The Richmond ordinance banning guns at a permitted event only applies if:
  1. It is a permitted event or should have been a permitted event - you walking around Richmond is neither. Regardless of how many people decide to do so at the same time, it is irrelevant as long as they are not doing it as some kind of a coordinated effort
  2. There must be "no guns" signs posted by the City and they can only post those signs temporarily for permitted events.
NOTES IF YOU ARE CARRYING A RIFLE OR A HANDGUN:
If you are planning to travel with a rifle or a handgun, either as a resident or a non-resident, please ensure you are aware of the applicable gun-laws. The Virginia State Police website has some good information on transporting firearms (https://www.vsp.virginia.gov/Firearms_Transporting.shtm).
For those with 'scary' black rifles or with certain handguns, please maintain awareness of Virginia code 18.2-287.4 "Carrying loaded firearms in public areas prohibited" found at https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title18.2/chapter7/section18.2-287.4/. Basically, if you are planning to carry a loaded, center-fire rifle or handgun with a threaded barrel, a folding stock (rifle only), or with a magazine in the gun that holds MORE than 20 rounds in Richmond, you must have a valid concealed handgun permit (all non-resident concealed carry permits are honored by Virginia).
Except as specified in the previous paragraph, open carry of a long gun or a handgun does not require a permit in Virginia. If you have a permit, only handguns can be carried concealed, NOT long guns.
Watch for updates over the next few weeks
You will be told the following things over VA-ALERT and they will also be posted on the VCDL.org website:
  • How to get the flags and magnet signs with pro-gun messages for your vehicle
  • The exact routes and approximate times that each caravan will pass through key locations
  • Links to where you can hear VCDL's invited speakers, as well as follow the progress of the caravans
I'll see you at #Rolling4the2A on January 18, 2021! And for those of you from other states, come join us! Richmond, here we come!
Please use these tags on social media when referring to Lobby Day 2021: #Rolling4the2a #VCDL
submitted by jtf71 to gunpolitics [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 16:56 jtf71 VCDL Lobby Day 2021

EDIT: I'm just a member posting from the VA-Alert. I have no further information and do not officially represent VCDL.
The Virginia anti-gun Democrat leadership is trying desperately to suppress VCDL's Lobby Day in 2021 - but they won't succeed. Lobby Day this year will be more eye-popping than last year and you will be warmer to boot!
The Governor and the Democrats that control the General Assembly really, really don't want another massive VCDL Lobby Day and rally on January 18, 2021, so games are being played to silence us.
VCDL was told years ago that an application to use the Bell Tower for an event more than six months out would not even be accepted. We have followed that rule, booked six months out, and gotten the 11 am slot for 17 years. This year, when we applied exactly six months out, we were told that the 11 am slot was already booked! In fact, every slot was filled except the 6 am and 6 pm slots.
How was that even possible? We had booked right at the six month mark.
We got a copy of a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) document containing the applications that had been accepted by the Department of General Services (DGS) for Lobby Day on January 18, 2021. Lo and behold - the 11am slot had been requested by Andrew Goddard and Lori Haas with the Virginia Center For Public Safety (a gun-control group with ties to Michael Bloomberg). Here's the kicker - DGS accepted the application, which had been filed OVER A YEAR IN ADVANCE (January 14, 2020)! That was even before the VCDL's 2020 Lobby Day event!
If Lori Haas's name sounds familiar, she's the paid gun-control lobbyist who the Democrats put on the supposedly non-partisan Crime Commission a few months ago, destroying the Commission's credibility on any gun-related items.
The other slots were taken by the following organizations (note the dates the applications were submitted - all self-proclaimed progressive organizations, all magically within a few days of Goddard's application, and all before VCDL's Lobby Day 2020!):
9 am: Care in Action. Applied on January 17, 2020. 1 pm: Progress Virginia (another gun-control rally). Applied on January 17, 2020. 3 pm: New Virginia Majority. Applied on January 19, 2020.
DGS's own rules say they will grant the venues to the first applicant with a valid application. That would have made VCDL the first valid applicant for the 11 am slot (or any of the slots for that matter). But that's not what is being done.
And that's not all: notification of who has actually gotten the slots won't be known until mid-December, making planning for such an event very difficult.
A new set of rules is in the process of being passed, which will allow DGS to postpone the event if the Governor or the General Assembly decides they want to use the grounds at that time. So, the day before Lobby Day, DGS could decide that some Senator needs to use the Bell Tower for one of his events and VCDL's event will be cancelled and moved to some other date. Also, If more than the maximum number of people show up for an event, it can be cancelled. I kid you not. Proposed changes can be seen here.
And then there are all the COVID-19 games that can be played by the Governor, as well as the House holding their session virtually in 2021.
If the Governor and the Democrats in the General Assembly want to play games in order to suppress our right to free speech, then we'll play a game of our own: it's called #Rolling4the2A, and this they can't stop.
You may have heard of the annual "Rolling Thunder" event in DC and the massive "Trump Trains" recently. Both involve hundreds of vehicles with flags and signs traveling together to express support for a cause.
VCDL is going to do that on January 18, but on steroids!
VCDL's lobbying effort on January 18 is going to consist of thousands of vehicles in four major caravans coming from the corners of the state and all of them headed to Richmond! We will post the times the various caravans should be passing key locations so those along the routes can join the caravans as it passes by their area.
The four major caravans will all flood into the Richmond area over a 4 hour period in the afternoon and will pass through the center of Richmond, near wherever the Senate is meeting.
We will have flags and magnetic signs for all the vehicles which are taking part in this event, so everyone watching the seemingly never-ending flow of vehicles will have no doubt about the mission of those vehicles.
We are already planning on how to cover and coordinate this event over social media, including having guest speakers live-streaming and allowing everyone to know where the various caravans are located as they move across the state.
Obviously we want as many vehicles as possible in each caravan, but we are looking at having some "decked-out" buses ("wrapped" with pro-gun messages) for those who simply cannot drive, but still want to be part of this incredible event.
As a bonus, you can stay armed, you can stay warm and/or dry in your vehicle, and no worries about finding a place to park!
This is going to be SOOOO cool. Yes, there will be a lot of driving from some of you, but it will be worth it. The message we will be sending will be heard not only in Richmond, but in the whole state, and across the country!
What if I want to park my vehicle and walk around Richmond armed?
While VCDL is not holding an event in Richmond, you are certainly allowed to park your car and walk around the City armed if you wish. Carry signs if you wish, too. The Richmond ordinance banning guns at a permitted event only applies if:
  1. It is a permitted event or should have been a permitted event - you walking around Richmond is neither. Regardless of how many people decide to do so at the same time, it is irrelevant as long as they are not doing it as some kind of a coordinated effort
  2. There must be "no guns" signs posted by the City and they can only post those signs temporarily for permitted events.
NOTES IF YOU ARE CARRYING A RIFLE OR A HANDGUN:
If you are planning to travel with a rifle or a handgun, either as a resident or a non-resident, please ensure you are aware of the applicable gun-laws. The Virginia State Police website has some good information on transporting firearms (https://www.vsp.virginia.gov/Firearms_Transporting.shtm).
For those with 'scary' black rifles or with certain handguns, please maintain awareness of Virginia code 18.2-287.4 "Carrying loaded firearms in public areas prohibited" found at https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title18.2/chapter7/section18.2-287.4/. Basically, if you are planning to carry a loaded, center-fire rifle or handgun with a threaded barrel, a folding stock (rifle only), or with a magazine in the gun that holds MORE than 20 rounds in Richmond, you must have a valid concealed handgun permit (all non-resident concealed carry permits are honored by Virginia).
Except as specified in the previous paragraph, open carry of a long gun or a handgun does not require a permit in Virginia. If you have a permit, only handguns can be carried concealed, NOT long guns.
Watch for updates over the next few weeks
You will be told the following things over VA-ALERT and they will also be posted on the VCDL.org website:
  • How to get the flags and magnet signs with pro-gun messages for your vehicle
  • The exact routes and approximate times that each caravan will pass through key locations
  • Links to where you can hear VCDL's invited speakers, as well as follow the progress of the caravans
I'll see you at #Rolling4the2A on January 18, 2021! And for those of you from other states, come join us! Richmond, here we come!
Please use these tags on social media when referring to Lobby Day 2021: #Rolling4the2a #VCDL
submitted by jtf71 to VAGuns [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 15:20 Diotoiren [CONFLICT] My patience isn’t limitless...unlike my Authority

OPERATION DARKSKY

 APPROVED BY IMPERIAL MINISTER OF DEFENSE SIGMA (VOITHOI) APPROVED BY HEADS OF THE IMPERIAL ARMED FORCES ALKEBULAN REFUSAL TO SURRENDER - EXPECTED OPERATION DARKSKY IS A GO ALL FORCES TO INITIATE DARKSKY DOCTRINE 

OPERATION DARKSKY

PRE-STRIKE (5 MINUTE BEFORE STRIKES)
ALKEBULAN CITIZENS WILL BE INSTRUCTED TO RISE UP AGAINST FASCIST REGIME OF ALKEBULAN
ARMED FORCES PERSONNEL WILL BE ASKED TO STAND DOWN.
ALKEBULAN GOVERNMENT WILL RECEIVE REQUEST TO SURRENDER (BUT WILL NOT STOP STRIKES REGARDLESS)
BROADCASTED ON ALL FREQUENCIES, MEDIA, LIVE TELEVISION
In the event of surrender - a token force will be sent to the Alkebulan Capitals of Abuja and Grand Kinshasa to accept formal surrender.

NAVY AND AIR THEATER

With air superiority assured over the entirety of Alkebulan thanks to the total destruction of Nigerian Air Defense Systems and Air Force, the Imperial Air Force and Navy have been given some reprieve - able to now ensure all forces are at fighting condition.
To this end, Battlefleets deployed to the African Theater will be rotated back to the homeland to receive immediate repairs and resupply. With the Alkebulan navy largely destroyed and now a non-existent air force, we will require far less naval and air assets in the region to maintain the same amount of total destruction capabilities.
Rotations will occur among the mentioned battlefleets, ensuring that one battlefleet is deployed to the general theater at all times. Resupplied battlefleets will rest in the North Atlantic and Morocco as necessary, to fulfil rotation goals.
At the same time, the large contingent of F5C-2 Delta Darts will be withdrawn to the homeland, leaving largely only FA2L-3 Lightning IIs and SA4K Valkyrie in region. However we will be forward deploying an additional 200 A-20 Warthogs to West Africa, in order to increase sortie rates against Alkebulan Ground Targets. At the same time we will also be deploying a total of 12 C-130Ws capable of carrying the ever imposing "MOAB" munition to launch targeted large-scale destructive strikes on Alkebulan forces.
From a naval perspective, a portion of the Imperial Fuerza Auxiliar (Mexican Auxiliary) will be deployed to assist in anti-Submarine warfare in cooperation with the smaller naval contingents in theater. Additionally the Army Support Vessels known as CG-10 Flight IVs will also be moved into the theater, to provide increased low-cost fire support against Alkebulan. At the same time, AWACS and Electronic Warfare aviation assets will be running continued campaigns against Alkebulan Electronics and Communications to prevent and destroy Alkebulan's ability to communicate effectively. Further scout aircraft and AWACs will remain on constant scouting/awareness missions to remain up-to-date.
Finally, the B8N Raiders that remain in region will remain on high-alert and armed with anti-air arsenals to provide rapid response in defense of controlled air space. Remaining ready to intercept from West African bases - against all foes. A select 6 of the total 16 B8Ns in theater will also be equipped with anti-ship missile payloads.
 Objective Matrix by Unit Type 
  • FA2L-3 Lightning II and SA4K Valkyrie
    • Continued enforcement of Air Superiority and No Fly Zone over Alkebulan.
    • Targeted Precision Strikes on any limited/surviving Alkebulan AA or Naval Assets
    • Targeted Precision Strikes on any remaining Alkebulan Airfields
    • FA2L-3 and SA4K will use their superior quality and capabilities to ensure the continued enforcement of the no fly zone.
  • A-20 Warthog
    • Ground strikes on Alkebulan Army Formations and Troops (Close Air Support Missions) - including on advancing Alkebulan troops, defending Alkebulan troops, and targets based on priority matrix from the Imperial Ground Forces in region.
    • A-20 Warthogs will be providing continued harassments and rapid response assaults on remaining Alkebulan logistical chain if not outright destroy Alkebulan's ability to mobilize and move troops.
    • A-20 Warthog's will provide flexibility in the fight against Alkebulan, capable of covering vast ranges while carrying high quantities of all forms of munitions. A-20s will be tasked with providing the bulk of army-air support through fire mission strikes. The goal will be to ensure that our aviation can destroy Alkebulan resistance outright - in an effort to end Alkebulan military capabilities.
  • CG-10 Flight IV Army Support Vessels
    • Precision Ground Strikes on Alkebulan Military Infrastructure, including ports, airfields, bases, communication/command centers, and areas of major resistance.
    • Will provide precision ground strikes against confirmed Alkebulan Military Factories and Industries to completely destroy Alkebulan's ability to re-arm.
    • Secondarily providing fire support on an as requested basis.
    • Each CG-10 armed with 3 248MJ railguns alongside a plethora of smaller calibers, will be able to excel in a low-threat environment such as against Alkebulan. Further the low cost nature of railguns will allow for continual fire support missions.
  • AC-130W and AC-130J Ghostriders
    • AC-130J Ghostriders will be conducting fire-support missions on an as-received basis by deployed Ground Forces scouts and recon assets. They will further be providing continued harassment of front-line Alkebulan logistics to harry if not outright destroy Alkebulan's ability to mobilize and move troops.
    • AC-130W "Droppers" which are capable of carrying the MOAB that has been in consistent Laurentian production, will be utilized to destroy confirmed areas of heavy Alkebulan resistance outside of populated areas. Will also assist in striking critical Alkebulan Military Infrastructure
    • AC-130W "Droppers" will also alongside CG-10 Support Vessels target Alkebulan Military Factories to completely destroy Alkebulan's ability to produce further arms and munitions.
  • NAVAL ASSETS
    • Naval Assets will be providing assistance to air-superiority measures, while primarily focusing on anti-submarine and anti-naval operations. The remaining Alkebulan navy will be systematically hunted down by the collection of submarines, destroyers, and other assets.
    • Naval Assets will also protect the Army Support Vessels from enemy attack.
    • Finally, Naval Assets will begin a total blockade of Alkebulan ports.
NAVY AND AIR TOTALS
UNIT/CLASS TYPE NUMBER NOTES
12th Air Force (Theater Command) 1AF, 7AF, 12AF
FA2L-3 Lightning II Stealth Multirole Fighter 56
SA4K Valkyrie UAV 48
EF12L Mustang II Electronic Support Fighter 60
E-3G Sentry AWACS 9
KC-46 Pegasus Air Tanker 32
B8N Raider Stealth Bomber 16
SR7C Kingfisher Hypersonic Recon UAV 4
AC-130J Ghostrider Gunship 12
AC-130W "Dropper Gunship 12
A-20C Thunderbolt IV Close Air Support 280 36x B61 Thermonuclear Bombs have been moved out to the West African Theater - will not be used in strikes.
ARMY SUPPORT FLEET DAB-1
CG-10 Flight IV Railgun Arsenal Ship 10
V FLEET "JOLLY ROGERS" CVBG-9, CVBG-10, SUBRON-6, SUBRON-7 TO BE ROTATED FIRST - RETURN TO REPLACE II FLEET IN MISSION AGAINST ALKEBULAN
Gerald R. Ford Supercarrier 2 ILNS David Parks CVN-12, ILNS Nayvadius D. Wilburn CVN-13
Indianpolis Flight I Battlecruiser 1 ILNS Orleans CCGN-73
Spencer Stone Flight IIA Guided Missile Cruiser 8 Resupplied from new prod
Mauna Kea Flight I Escort Destroyer 8
Mk62 Leatherback USV Missile USV 18
Mk63 Leatherback USV ASW USV 16
Virginia Flight II/III SSN 6
Mk61 Mod 1 Proteus UUV UUV 272
CVW-9, CVW-10
F5C-2 Delta Dart II Stealth Air Superiority Fighter 48
FA2L-3 Lightning II Stealth Multirole Fighter 48
SF3C Stingray Stealth Multirole UCAV 48
EA-18J Howler Electronic Warfare Aircraft 12
SR3C Stingray Stealth Recon/Tanker UCAV 24
ST1A Sea Avenger Maritime Patrol UAV 24
ST11C Fire Scout ASW UAV Helicopter 24
SV10R Skua ASW Tiltrotor 32
II FLEET "MINUTEMEN" CVBG-3, CVBG-4, SUBRON-8, SUBRON-9, SUBRON-10, SUBRON-11 TO BE ROTATED SECOND - THEN AWAITING FURTHER ORDERS IN NORTH ATLANTIC
Gerald R. Ford Supercarrier 2 ILNS Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez CVN-6, ILNS Andrew Yang CVN-7
Spencer Stone Flight III Guided Missile Cruiser 8 Resupplied from new prod
Mauna Kea Flight I Escort Destroyer 8
Mk62 Leatherback USV Missile USV 20
Mk63 Leatherback USV ASW USV 16
Virginia Flight II/III SSN 10
San Diego SSN 12
Columbia SSGN 4
Mk61 Mod 1 Proteus UUV UUV 448
Mk65 Bluefin UUV UUV 216
CVW-3, CVW-4
F5C-2 Delta Dart II Stealth Air Superiority Fighter 48
FA2L-3 Lightning II Stealth Multirole Fighter 48
SF3C Stingray Stealth Multirole UCAV 48
EA-18J Howler Electronic Warfare Aircraft 12
SR3C Stingray Stealth Recon/Tanker UCAV 24
ST1A Sea Avenger Maritime Patrol UAV 24
ST11C Fire Scout ASW UAV Helicopter 24
SV10R Skua ASW Tiltrotor 34

GROUND THEATER

In the event that Alkebulan fails to surrender, the Ground Forces present in region have been given permission to launch a full-scale assault on Western Alkebulan. To this end, the West African Free States will be expected to conduct their own national-defenses in cooperation with Laurentian Ground Forces. A defensive line along the Niger-Mali and Burkina Faso-Benin/Niger borders has also been established, using light recon forces to detect enemy movements that will be reported to our strong air capabilities and will be destroyed.
The nature of the desert environment leaves no places to hide forces, unlike in the jungles of the Congo.
Furthermore, three concentrations of our own forces in a preparatory invasion phase will be established, as further Foreign Legion soldiers are moved into the region.
Ground operations map
Each concentration area will receive 10,000 members of the already present Foreign Legion (55,000 total members) while the remaining two Army Legions and Foreign Legion Regiments will handle a solidified defense of the North. (Army Legions will prepare in the open deserts to the North, to move on Northern Niger)
In the event that Alkebulan attempts to amass infantry to defend, these large groupings of troops found by either recon aircraft, satellites, or ground-level recon units will be destroyed by our overwhelming air and naval superiority.
The goal of this will be to prove we can invade, and secure this vast open territory by force, if Alkebulan refuses to bend the knee.
Forces being shipped in will arrive in West Africa via aircraft/Algol vessels.
In the event of refusal
If Alkebulan refuses to surrender, then Army Personnel in conjunction with the Foreign Legion and AiNaval superiority will launch a full on invasion of Alkebulan.
Forces having been moved in during the preparatory phase will be utilized in conjunction with close-air support and ranged naval/air support to launch a total invasion of Northern Nigeria
Ground Invasion Phase Map
With confirmation that Alkebulan faces continual destruction of amassing forces, the Laurentian Foreign Legion will proceed to push in stages - amassing total control of the open land-scape of Niger, Northern Benin, and Northern Nigeria.
Due to the significant technological superiority of our own forces relative to Alkebulan, it is expected that much of vast-plains will be easily taken. At the same time, instead of fighting insurgent warfare in the large cities of Niamey, Sokoto, Kano, Kaduna, Zaria, Maiduguri (etc), we will instead choose to establish 25km zones of no mans land that will encircle each major city.
Hostile forces will thus need to move out of the city, into reasonably open ground and would then face total destruction. It also reduces the total number of forces required allowing for our own troops to effectively dedicate less while controlling more.
Ultimately however, our forces will utilize our significant air advantage to destroy any opposition instead of taking possibly ruinous conflicts with Alkebulan quantities.
TOTALS
TYPE QUANTITY NOTES
Army Infantry 20,000 (10k already present) Each armed with the MS10X Telamon+Hetairoi
MT8G Bradford 90 MBT
MI8G Gilland (Tracked IFV) 148
MC9G Atahsaia (Wheeled IFV) 417
MA8G Pamola (Tracked APC) 130
MC9G Piasa (Wheeled APC) 531
MC9G Katahdin (Wheeled SPG/AFV) 160/30 (SPG/AFV)
MC4M Pronghorn (MRAP) 413
MR1G Jobaria (MLRS-NON NUCLEAR) 30
M939 Truck (6x6) 300
FMTV (6x6 truck) 300
HEMTT (8x8/10ton) 300
AVR Goshawk (Helicopter-attack) 50
AVR Skau (Helicopter-utility) 50
Foreign Legion Infantry 55,000 Each armed with the MS10X Telamon
MT8G Bradford 270 MBT
MI8G Gilland (Tracked IFV) 444
MC9G Atahsaia (Wheeled IFV) 1,112
MA8G Pamola (Tracked APC) 390
MC9G Piasa (Wheeled APC) 1,416
MC9G Katahdin (Wheeled SPG/AFV) 440/120 (SPG/AFV)
MC4M Pronghorn (MRAP) 1,183
MR1G Jobaria (MLRS-NON NUCLEAR) 60
M939 Truck (6x6) 600
FMTV (6x6 truck) 600
HEMTT (8x8/10ton) 600
AVR Goshawk (Helicopter-attack) 100
AVR Skau (Helicopter-utility) 100
C-17A Globemaster III 40 Strategic Airlift
MQ-9A Predator 90 UAV
Ground Force Structure Breakdown
Note that distribution of equipment, vehicles, and personnel is precisely defined to take into account and ensure no overages or short-fallings.
  • YELLOW COMPANY
    • Commanded by Field Marshal François Vigneault
    • STATUS - Operational Command over combat theater
    • Personnel: 200 - Command staff
  • XXXIII CORP "The Rock of the Marne"
    • Commanded by Decarch Gabriel H. James
    • Total Personnel: 20,000
    • Associated Legions,
    • 97th Legion "Voyagers" (Standard Infantry Legion)
    • Commanded by Tetrarch William H. Sagan
    • 98th Legion "Runaways" (Standard Infantry Legion)
    • Commanded by Tetrarch Elizabeth Grant
    • 99th Legion "Ananke" (Standard Infantry Legion)
    • Commanded by Tetrarch Zachary Perez
    • 33rd Armored Legion "Elome" (Standard Armored Legion)
    • Commanded by Tetrarch Ellary Woodson
  • Foreign Legion Group 1-4
    • Standard Regiments 1-8
    • Armored Regiments 1-3
TIMELINE INFO
  • AiNaval campaigns begin (and will continue indefinitely)
  • Forces already pre-positioned on border will create defense lines/concentration
    • More forces shipped in (while ainaval campaigns ongoing) (only total of 10k to ship in, rest already there)
  • Forces prepare to invade if necessary.
submitted by Diotoiren to worldpowers [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 12:45 General1Holder Oregon Intervention

Subject: Oregon Intervention
From: Ty S - Oregonian
Date: 24 Nov 2020
To: the new Biden Administration Attention - the honorable Cedric Richmond Senior Advisor to the President
Greetings elected officials, diplomats, and honorable people,
Last time I wrote my elected officials it was under a circumstance of distress. I'm pleased to say that my experience with that situation was resolved with the help and assistance of some good people in public service. I dont write these letters often because Im often not feeling up to putting the kind of energy it requires to express the situation in terms that are solution oriented. But I seek solution oriented strategies often to remedy strife and stress that people in my community live with. It appears to be a time once again to update on the latest issue that we need serious intervention.
My name is Ty S I live in Portland Oregon with my wife and son. The experiences as a high school student was quintessential to a Black man growing up in Oregon but my story is unorthodox. My trajectory in education was similar to phil knight of nike as I share two of the four schools he attended: Cleveland High and U of O. So Im as Oregon as the swoosh, Powells, and the Rudolph sign. Politics is my life mostly having been involved in the Oregon students of color coalition and OSA in 2004 and Urban League in 2009 before going on to serve in the Oregon Health Authorities Transformation Center and the Oregon Advocacy Commissions. I'm particularly proud of my community organizing in the between 2004-2016 which includes electing Obama, helping Black Activist run for office, and building a grassroots community health worker project called We Are Health Movement. Once Trump came to power things changed dramatically for the worse in Oregon. Nearly all of my activism ended as a powerful racist insurgency became more visibly violent and threatening to the Black community.
Events of Portland Oregon 2020 require intense analysis. Im not a total alarmist about our situation like our media has gaslit and painted Oregon as a place on fire with leftist anarchists extremists. Please recognize that intervention can only be settled diplomatically at this point. We have lived and walked and witnessed a very violent escalation since 2016. Look at the evidence of tracking hate crimes in our state https://www.splcenter.org/hate-map?year=2016&state=OR . We should not be on this list. We have such a small populations of minorities including Black, Hispanic, Asian and Native populations and the many immigrant cultures are very small in overall numbers. The story behind these hate crimes is a way more then just isolated incidents there is a large scale and spreading networks of organizations that only purpose is to antagonize, disrupts, hate, punish and resort to violent intimidation and terrorism.
Hate groups in Oregon have dramatically grown in the last four years and as a political, social, and defensive response people have responded in a counter activity to keep those movements from growing further and pledge to end their reign of terror. It started in mid 2016 when Jeremy Christian a pre-radicalized activist with the Proud Boys murdered in 2 people on the Max Transit system (which is like our rail car). Jeremy Christian is part a new movement of internet organizers that have particularly recruited young white men to organizations like the oath keepers, 3 percenters, and inspired by the Bundy occupation movement of 2016. They are living in the shadows of Waco movement. Out west they love that shit and 2016 opened the door for growth of these right wing extremism. Oregon responded initially in Portland by counter protesting against the groups that would gather in various parts of the city including on the Federal freeway 213, Downtowns Terry Shrunk Plaza, and Tom Macall Park.
Each of the events in the summer of 2016 organized by violent right wing extremists involved heavy confrontation from counter protesters. This included verbal, physical, and organized violence. This was warfare in a small scale. But many things escalated. This history must include a contextualization of the types of organizations that began to sprout and grow on the opposition which I will categorize as the organized left until I describe it more fully. In Portland initially the ecumenical faith community, the non-profit activists, labor, and a variety of socialist organizations. Some of this coalition of organizations had previously collaborated against neoNazis in the 80s as resistance to hate before. The events of Jeremy Christian galvanized a large scale opposition that sought to resist racialized terrorism of that kind in our community. As events and confrontations continued to persist summer after summer after summer we are now where we are today. As the events continued the city of Portland often utilized the Portland Police Bureau as a referee of sorts to prevent wide scale violence. But there were many instances where people of Portland felt that Portland Police were more favorably protecting the right wing groups more and more the activists involved from the left lost favor with the city government, Police leadership and elected such as Ted Wheeler. The impasse really escalated between the city representatives and diplomats in political actions, contract negotiations for the police union contracted are included as a source of the strain and political tensions escalating.
The summer of 2020 was by far the most chaotic situation because the global movement for justice for George Floyd and Briana Taylor tied with Oregons #BLM picked up a new confrontation with the Police and state officers in downtown Portland. Oregon activists like many other states have been fighting for justice for many unarmed black men and women and those with mental illness shot and killed by the Portland, Vancouver, and Gresham police. Local movements converged it was a mashing of black activism in a new generation of young and emerging people for Black Lives with the Oregon defenders and anti fascists who had basically been in battle with right wing extremists continuously for 4 years. The combination produced energy seen no where else in the country. The City saw had over 130 days of continuous protest in a call for anti racism, justice for police murders, and anti capitalism oppression. Now I do not need to detail all of these events and how they were organized and what happened between the night to night. I do know that a lot has happened and most documenting and historicizing these events can tell that story. My purpose today is explain that there is a diplomatic intervention needed. We are desperate in this city for a focus of attention that doesn't involve us looking down the dark hole of a barrel.
There needs to be a peace tribunal set up in our city (similar to south africa). The need is so great out here. No convening, No conversations, Nothing seems to be working. Please help us out here and we don't need photo ops, only real commitment and work can solve anything we got out here. The pain is deep and the grievances are so numerous that our community might not heal for a generation.
We need peace in this city. We need peace. Peace between police and protesters and between the right wingers. There are some clear changes needed. Here are my suggestions that will give people a part of power.
Total and complete overhaul of the law enforcement in this country in the first step we must examine. The Portland Police contract needs a total revamp. All of there leadership needs to be changed. There is a certain segment of Portland that wont setter for less. The many proposals by thousands of activist in portland none of which has happened in the more then 4 years of advocacy: https://www.portlandmercury.com/blogtown/2020/06/09/28519183/all-of-the-... We need to accelerate these changes locally and nation wide. We are not an outlier here it is part and parcel of similar movements that started in Furgeson.
Even if you or your office got involved and moved the needle on any of these issues Portland still will need to grapple with its right wing violent extremism problem, because it is growing out of control with reports of continuous recruitment in the suburbarbs and nationwide show this. Oregon is the theater of a national program targeting this state as battle ground for the clash of extreme ideologies. What should we do about that? Well my feel is that its not important to most law enforcement or it really feels like it. The law cant really keep up with the type of warfare that is just as much virtual as it is physically in the streets. It will have to be part of a robust strategic initiative on a large scale organized nationally coordinated and well resourced. No longer can cities afford to build volunteer resistances to hate groups. There needs to be a common societal agreement on this in a new contract of acceptance of what is right and wrong in our communities. It is appropriate but it will also need alternative opportunities to get people out of those groups.
Violence is not ended here and we expect next year will be worse then this one and we live in fear for our lives. Black people in particular fear that violence is eminent in any outing, they must use precautions to protect themselves in this kind of violent political and social environment because your skin tone and or your social status is often the determinant factor. Hate crimes need national attention to end. We need a nation wide movement to end racism. Many of the right wing extremists are entrenched in their ideology and need an counter narrative that is stronger to inject alternative perspectives. But it might be too late for that here in Oregon we are at the point where violence and counter violence are yearly occurrences and it becomes a matter of desperation to even reach out to the federal government for help and support.
Oregon is my home that I spent most this year has required a high level of alertness and protection of my home and family. This is the first year we have seriously discussed leaving the United States because really feel unsafe for us to live here and thrive.
I hope this country can do something about our situation with both Policing and Hate before we dissolve into non stop tribal warfare and violence. This call to action and support will go to the high courts of international conflict.
Please help me forward this letter to leaders of every civil society.
submitted by General1Holder to u/General1Holder [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 14:00 Dog-Lick-Gink Ⓙ Rebrand: Deadly (25th of November to the 1st of December) A detailed track choice rationale...

Ⓙ Rebrand: Deadly (25th of November to the 1st of December) A detailed track choice rationale...
Weekly playlist artwork showcase with accompanying description/theme information
Ⓙ Rebrand is a 1 hour long curated Spotify playlist with new music, artwork and theme/title each week. This post details a song choice rationale for each track in this week’s Ⓙ Rebrand playlist in chronological order. All past weekly “Rebrand” playlists are saved on my Spotify profile and if you come across this post outside of the date in the post title, here is a link to the Ⓙ Rebrand: Deadly (25/11/20) playlist of which the following content is relevant.
  • Title/Theme: Deadly
  • Length: 1 hour
  • Number of full length tracks: 15
  • Theme accompanied description: Deadly, vulnerable and personal. Tracks that I relate to quite closely. A selection of various tracks that are important to me and worth sharing.
  • Genres this week: Lo-Fi, Folk Indie, EDM, Pop music, Rock & Roll, Metal, UK Grime, Thrilling vocal tracks and Spoken word. The Ⓙ Rebrand playlist is organised into genres (within the Spotify app). If you can't see these labels on your platform: go to Settings>DisplayOptions>Show unavailable songs
Song choice rationale, track descriptions and additional information:
The droid invasion ~ star wars lo-fi - Closed on Sunday: [Genres: lo-fi cover] I'll start by saying that the original track: The Droid Invasion and the Appearance of Darth Maul, by John Williams and the London Symphony Orchestra is one of my most favourite Orchestral pieces of all time. I really like this lo-fi cover of it, but the original is also something worth checking out. I really like the energy and excitement in this track, but my favourite parts have to be the very start and the section near the end (where Darth Maul appears). The main melody in this track is powerful. The lo-fi version by Closed on Sunday (great name) is quirky and has a very different feel to the original orchestra but it’s a nice start to the playlist and a nice tribute to my passion for Star Wars and John Williams. On the topic of Star Wars cover bands though, I’d like to mention Galactic Empire as a fantastic quartet of prog-metal musicians who recreate John Williams Star wars pieces into groovy (and often faster) melal instrumental versions. Here’s the link to their version of The Droid Invasion and the Appearance of Darth Maul. Very good stuff.
Through the Eyes of a Child - AURORA: [Genres: Art Pop, Electropop, Folktronica, Synth-pop, Baroque pop] This song is so peaceful and innocent. It is grounding and beautiful. It may not follow the theme of being “deadly” but it is vulnerable and personal, which, behind the label of “deadly” is really what most of this playlist is about. This song has been really important for me and it represents a lot of my world view: to live primal and be able to be in the moment. The innocence of a child is a special thing and I don't think we have to completely lose it as we grow older. The vocal part that starts just after halfway is blissful and I have to say, even though I’ve featured this group before, that the album is a high rated one by me. It’s a nice piece of art.
All I know - Karnivool: [Genres: Progressive rock, Alternative metal, Progressive metal, Nu metal (early)] This is another really important song to me. It speaks a lot of how I feel. I feel it shows how people relate, or at least similar to how I see it. It’s another great song that can give everyone different experiences. This genre is one that I have always loved and Karnivool are an Australian rock band from Perth, formed in the late 90’s. Another good album (amongst many) by Karnivool. I encourage you to suss.
Antisocial - Ed Sheeran, Travis Scott: [Genres: Pop, folk-pop, hip hop, trap-alternative] This is my vibe song. I love it so much. It is mad groovy and it makes me feel deadly. It gives me space and allows me to be myself. It almost feels like a tool I use to achieve this space if I need it. I’m sure we all have songs like this and maybe this doesn’t jam the same for you as it does for me because on the surface (apart from incredible production quality) it’s nothing deep and meaningful, but I do get a lot out of it, so there. They’re popular artists for a reason. Good stuff.
Stop And Listen - JYYE, JEX: [Genres: JYYE is Dance/Electronic, the featured artist (JEX) is more Hip-Hop/Rap] Since we’re in the territory now of dance vibes and vibing, this song is such a great track that I have used to dance and I relate to the lyrics when I do so. It feels sexy and energising. If anyone can find some lyrics to this track on the net, I’d be most appreciative, but so far I have been unsuccessful. I really want to know what the lyrics are in the post chorus vocal bridge. To me it sounds like: “little favour, little favour, little favours, little favours…” if not, that’s what I’m going with for now. To me this song represents the want to just “feel” instead of talk. This is encouraged through dance “listen to my body”. “Better stop that talking when you hear me say: Stop and listen to my body baby. It’s a beg to just sease conversation in replacement for movement and feeling.
Can We Be Free - KUURO: [Genres: Trap music, Dubstep, Drum and bass, Moombahton, House music, Hardstyle] I have really gotten over this song in a way, having heard it so many times in the last few years, but I do think it represents a good dynamic in relationships. Especially where things may not be clear and simple. There are many ways to love. This song talks of the ups and downs, the crazy fluctuations that occur in relationships and how this feels. Like being “locked in [a] cage” or “lost in the ceiling” (either looking up at said ceiling or being lost mentally: the ceiling being above and beyond the head and body). It speaks of wanting to make up for wrongdoings, a traditional “sorry” that I have found myself having to say too many times in past relationships. “You [pulled] me up and I put you down, you gave me love then I stole your crown. You let me in then I pushed you out”... the standard procedure in a codependent relationship. Anyway, ‘nough said, the song’s there. Again it’s not the most incredible music, hence my reluctance to listen to it much more (despite having already listened to it for over 4 hours) but it has been a big part of my last few years of music rotations and this particular week’s playlist seems to be more for others than myself at this stage.
Power - Nina Chuba: [Genre: Pop Music] Now this is the song that inspired the title of this week’s playlist. “I’m deadly” … This is a motivating, progress driven song by the 21 year old German Pop artist: Nina Chuba (Nina Flynn, Nina Kaiser) Nina is a very unique artist that can’t really be put into a certain category as she effortlessly weavers from pop hooks, rap verses and electronic productions. I really rate her style. This track talks of being underestimated and quietly achieving to eventually strike, as she has done in her music career. Keeping to yourself and not underselling to “people you don’t even know”. I relate to the passion in this track, it makes me feel deadly and empowered. I also really like the style of Nina Chuba. The production quality is TIGHT and it has a really nice pop feel to it that I believe is really important for music related pop-culture development. It has a story, a message, it’s very well produced and laid out with catchy melodies and variations in the song that make it unique and interesting to listen to. This whole EP is great, with the B-side track: I Owe You Nothing has some fantastic vocal harmony parts and is a bit more hip-hop focused with a trap-style beat. I really like her ambient section to end the EP as well.
Beyond - Daft Punk: [Genres: House music, Electronic, Disco, Electronica] Do I have to bang on again about the production quality of this album, or have you already been battered enough by my judgement of it? Won a grammy for best Engineered album of the year, enough said. This song is my personal highlight track off the album: Random Access Memories, by the French electronic music duo: Daft Punk. This song (and album in general) has really been an important part of my life. I relate this music with a huge change and transition that I experienced (relationship end, moving interstate, career changes and personal development) when I started to listen to this album. This music is for music lovers. It poetically dances on topics relating to love and music. This love-song is so beautiful, it doesn’t fail to make you at least close to crying. Now I have to address the synth melody at the end of this track (starts at 3:27). To me, this seems like one of the most balanced and beautiful, mellow and contemplative melodies I have ever heard. It flows so neatly and even though it may sound simple at first, it’s actually quite complex and layered.
The Bug - Dire Straits: [Genres: Roots rock, Blues rock, Pub rock, Dad Rock] I have grown up with Dire Straits and while this is not my personal favourite track by them, I do think it lyrically speaks the most about my personality or way of thinking. The track essentially is demonstrating that so many different things happen in life, ups and downs, “in the groove ‘til you make a mistake”. It really addresses the fluctuations we all have in life and allows us to take a step back and realise the patterns. Not to get too caught up in the lows (or the highs) as they are all just part of life. “Sometimes you're the windshield, sometimes you're the bug. Sometimes it all comes together baby. Sometimes you're a fool in love”.
Land of Confusion - Disturbed: [Genres: Heavy metal, Hard rock, Alternative metal, Nu metal (early)] After the Dire Straits track I felt like mixing in a Genesis cover by the Chicago heavy metal band: Disturbed. I really like the original track by Genesis but I was vibing this version when designing this week’s playlist. This song talks of a period of crysis that I think Disturbed have a perfect sound for delivering, almost in a war-like manner. The media and community feels the danger has gone away, but they can see the issue is still there. I believe this song talks of overpopulation in a world which lacks love. It encourages us to work to make this place better for everyone. The world is grim, we must look to the future and spread love. I think the latter part of this song feels almost post-apocalyptic with references to remembering “long ago, when the sun was shining and all the stars were bright, all through the night. In the wake of this madness, as I held you tight, so long ago”. There’s a powerful message “My generation will put it right. We're not just making promises. That we know we'll never keep” very nice Phil.
Thoughts & Prayers - Manga Saint Hilare, Novelist: [Genre: UK Grime)] This track is of a genre that I have only quite recently gotten into, yet I think it sticks out among others for it's brilliant poetry and message. It's not so much of an aggressive Grime tune, but a loving and kind one. I teased this track last week, because we were on a religious streak with the deathcore playlist, so I thought this one would segway nicely. It's another, great, empowering song for me. "I just live my life how I want, so I never compare my path to theirs". It also addresses some problems, such as the need for love and I get a sense of feeling raw and human from this. It addresses very simple but real things in life, the need to be able to do your own thing, and not worry too much about others. The line: "We can't rely on each other if we can't tell the truth to ourselves" helps us to get along well with our close friends /family and live a meaningful life. "Self-love, I had to learn it. I had a few detours, now I'm determined" is very relatable. I particularly liked the way Manga Saint Hilare flows with the rhymes near the end of the second verse: "But now I feel connected like cursive, words with myself, every day I remind myself the change was worth it" (you have to listen to this part, it's well done. It reminds me of a real flowing free style)
Timex - Leo Portela, Gustavo Fridman: [Genres: Techno, Dance/Electronic] This reflective interlude is brought to you by: Leo Portela and Gustavo Fridman. The black hole featured in the artwork of this week’s playlist is tied in to this track. It represents my love and fascination of science. In fact, the scientific community and the logical/critical thinking approach they use is an important part of my personal worldview. It heavily influences the way I process information and I’m proud of that. This song pays some tribute to the importance of science and thinking but also on the topic of black holes it offers something I think is so important: the ability to feel so insignificant (in the universe) but in a way that’s also empowering. A reminder that really, we are all incompetent in some ways, even if we are expected to present as competent and capable, anything else is weakness. Thinking about the vastness of the universe and the incredible things it offers, far out of our control as a species, let alone us individually. This sort of perspective I believe offers some feelings of awe, sonder (the realization that each random passerby is living a life as vivid and complex as your own) and even epiphany for newbies.
Hide and Seek - Imogen Heap: [Genres: Dance/Electronic, Vocal] This is a relatively melancholy song about divorce and the ramifications it has on the children, sung from the perspective of the child. It’s a really nice piece of art and it is very passionate. I sing along to this, while staying in my range. It is a staple in the playlist: Ⓙ Frisson Fantasia, a composition of music based on several familiar tunes that give sudden strong feeling(s) of excitement and/or fear. This is a thrilling song to keep your hairs standing on end.
Hope Leaves - Opeth: [Genres: Technical death metal, Progressive metal, Progressive rock, Black metal (early)] I like Opeth, but this album: “Damnation” is a standout for me. It’s vastly different from a lot of their other albums, with only clean vocals throughout. I see it as a metal-head’s relaxation album. It’s a beautiful album, filled with poetry, knowledge, insite and incredibly skilled music. The guitar solos in this song (and album) are amongst my favourite solos. I’m slowly learning to sing them, even though this is tough, it’s enjoyable. I believe this song is about suffering and the details of this become lost. The opening lyrics suggest there is some ignorance towards the trauma and avoidance, but a sense that it won’t end. There’s a poetic depiction of the comfort of being silent and understanding yourself, not ignoring your problems. It’s a great reflective piece taken from the middle of a great album.
We Die - Kate Tempest: [Genres: Spoken word, UK Hip hop music] This is a very unique and talented spoken word/ hip hop artist from London. Kate is an English spoken word performer, poet, recording artist, novelist and playwright. She has some inspirational and interesting ways of delivering her thoughts for the world. I would have to say this is probably my favourite track of hers. The lines “I heard your voice so loud it woke me up, I don’t believe in ghosts” and “nice to fall in love again?” are delivered in an ASMR style that cuts through the mix to a point that is almost startling, especially if using headphones and listening to the track for the first time. I’m not going to try and retell the story, just listen to the track and let Kate perform. “Like a lion in a cage” It’s a track I relate to and there’s a lot to take in, but despite the confronting title “We Die” it does have a nice message and ends with the repetition of the words “the point of life is live, love if you can, then pass it on”.
submitted by Dog-Lick-Gink to Rebrand_Playlist [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 11:30 jw_mentions /r/QAnonCasualties - "What happens to Q after Donald Trump doesn't fulfill his mission?"

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EDIT: As of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020, the post is at [257pts9c]

About Post:

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Submission What happens to Q after Donald Trump doesn't fulfill his mission?
Comments What happens to Q after Donald Trump doesn't fulfill his mission?
Author rabbri
Subreddit /QAnonCasualties
Posted On Tue Nov 24 02:20:08 UTC 2020
Score 257 as of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020
Total Comments 74

Post Body:

So when Top Q Donald Trump leaves office, and the supposed Deep State/Hollywood pedophilia ring isn't exposed and broken up, and Tom Hanks, Bill Clinton, Lady Gaga and Barack Obama are not hanging in the gallows for their crimes... What happens to the Q followers? Do they keep going with this insane mission? Do they finally wake up and conclude that they've been following a falsehood? Do they believe that Trump will still do all this, albeit as a citizen?
I've personally lost friends over their cultish following of Q, as if they were part of Trump's holy army to vanquish evil. I have to wonder what happens once Trump leaves office and all of these things never occur.

Related Comments (9):

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Author caraperdida
Posted On Tue Nov 24 22:24:25 UTC 2020
Score 2 as of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 0
Body link
This is based on the 2-witness rule that requires any sexual misconduct to have 2 witnesses to the crime. They don't report anything to authorities - even claims of child molestation and abuse - because "we are no part of this world."
The 2017 tv special Cults and Extreme Beliefs interviewed an ex-JW who talked about being sexually abused as a child born into the cult. Her story was truly horrific.
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Author Zenmachine83
Posted On Wed Nov 25 06:21:28 UTC 2020
Score 2 as of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Nah it’s a cult brah. My grandma was a JW and I have spent many an hour inside a Kingdom Hall listening to their shpiel. It just a cult wrapped in monotheism.
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Author Thatxygirl
Posted On Tue Nov 24 05:43:44 UTC 2020
Score 101 as of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 6
Body link
The United States has a strong history of Protestant doomsday’s sects pledging to know the end of the world, projecting the exact date, Jehovah’s Witnesses being one of the most famous extant example (with millions of faithful today).
Being factually incorrect despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary hasn’t stopped them yet.
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Author WeepingSomnabulist
Posted On Tue Nov 24 13:38:52 UTC 2020
Score 7 as of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 0
Body link
I hear ya but Jehovah's Witnesses are so far out there I'm not sure they count as Protestant anymore.
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Author KezaBoo
Posted On Tue Nov 24 17:53:41 UTC 2020
Score 19 as of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 2
Body link
JW's meet all the markers of a cult.
They always defended themselves saying that they don't have one leader, but the 12 (all male) members of the governing body stand in for that one leader. JW's are infamous for love-bombing at the beginning of an "interested person's" journey, followed by isolating members from their "worldly" friends and family. "Bad associations spoil useful habits!" This isolation is key to motivate members to stay in "the truth" because if you do wrong, you will then be fully shunned by your spiritual family, leaving you with no one to turn to.
Members are constantly harangued for "contributions" though they stop short of passing around a collection during meetings. "For god loves a cheerful giver!" Recently this has ramped up with members obliged to pay what amounts to entry fees for assemblies.
The wbts (watchtower, bible and tract society) are meanwhile sitting on literally billions of dollars of real estate - they recently sold their prime Brooklyn property to - guess who - Kushner Companies - for 340 million.
Sexual predation goes unpunished within the Borg (the bible organization, as ex-jw's are fond of referring to it as). This is based on the 2-witness rule that requires any sexual misconduct to have 2 witnesses to the crime. They don't report anything to authorities - even claims of child molestation and abuse - because "we are no part of this world."
The borg have been making end-of-world predictions and engaging in prophecy since they were founded by ex-7th day adventist Charles Taze Russel in the 1800's. The biggest mistake they made came when they predicted that 1975 would signal the start of armageddon. Witnesses ("witlesses") were encouraged to sell property, not proceed to higher education and spend all their time preaching the good news. After 1975 came and went, threeJW's lost loads of members. The wbts got around this with their "the light gets brighter" concept, whereby men cannot know the inner workings of God and anything we do is an interpretation, but the governing body are the only ones able to interpret so we should all just trust them when they say we're in the time of the end. God continues to reveal his light to selected members.
They engage in fear of outsiders and past members, marking all those who have left as worse then those who have not yet been saved. There are two official ways to leave theJW's alive. Disfellowshipping (ostracizing/shunning an "unrepentant sinner") wholesale, or disassociating (someone who hasn't sinned but walks away of their own volition). The safest way is the fade, or as some people call it - PIMO (physically in, mentally out). All those who leave who then go on to denounce their former beliefs are called apostates and are shunned by friends, family, everyone.
TheJW's don't allow critical thinking of their own beliefs, while subjecting all other religions to rigorous scrutiny.
You also might have noticed that there is a singular language to JW beliefs. Terminology that is unique to their cult.
Anyways. I'm here out of curiosity because of the similarities I see betweenJW's and Q.
Take the long game with your q people. My mom just finally revealed she was PIMO last year, and I've been out for 16 years sowing seeds of doubt in her.
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Author JW_Skeptic
Posted On Tue Nov 24 17:27:59 UTC 2020
Score 14 as of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Another Ex-JW here.JWs meet most of the characteristics of Steven Hassan's B.I.T.E. model. See https://freedomofmind.com/bite-model/ They are a high control group, and if you don't fall in line with their teachings you risk being disfellowshipped (kicked out) and shunned by all JW friends and family.
Also if you're curious check out exjw
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Author KezaBoo
Posted On Tue Nov 24 08:02:59 UTC 2020
Score 147 as of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 8
Body link
Ex-JW here. I recommend looking up anti-process. It's how cult members get around cognitive dissonance. It's also very helpful in understanding why speaking to logic or arguing based on fact doesn't work when people are deep inside their mental armor.
Remember, if someone needs a crutch and you're the one who wants to take it away, you're going to also need to bring along a brand new crutch. Most people don't just go from cult to free-thinking as a matter of course. There's a reason people want to believe what they believe.
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Author Christwriter
Posted On Tue Nov 24 08:21:42 UTC 2020
Score 43 as of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 2
Body link
See: The Millerites Geeat Disappointment.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Disappointment
To paraphrase/TLDR: William Miller decided that he was a prophet and that Jesus would return in 1843, specifically between March 21st '43 and March 21st '44. His followers literally stood on hilltops in white robes waiting for the Second Coming. Obviously this did not happen. So Miller said "My bad. I meant April 18th, 1844." Obviously, it did not happen either. Then, to his credit, Miller said that he was wrong and while he still believed the Second Coming was immanent, people probably should not listen to him.
A lot of his followers went home feeling silly. Some of them did not. One group congregated around a group of leaders, one of whom was a woman named Ellen Gould Harmon, later on as Ellen G. White. They spent a generous amount of time twisting theology into pretzels and what they came up with was the Seventh Day Adventists, who are a fairly legalistic Christian sect notable for having their "sabbath" meetings on Saturday (cool) because Sunday worship is literally the Mark of the Beast, and any church who has Sunday worship is the Woman Who Rides The Beast AKA the whore of babylon (...yeah.) The SDA's tend to form splinter groups the way a human forms kidney stones. One such splinter group was first known as the Branch, and then the Branch-Davidians. Yes. Those Branch Davidians. Who were fairly nutty even before a drifter with pedophilic tendencies joined the group and changed his name from Vernon Howell to David Koresh. Basically the Davidians had a long history dating back to William Miller of accepting the word of questionable prophets, though to cut them a small amount of slack, their leadership choices were Vernon, or the guy who was even more homicidally insane than Vernon (aka George Rodan)
Another person deeply influenced by Miller's teachings and the Millerites was a man named Charles Taze Russel, who went on to found the Bible Student Movement and the Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society. If you follow cults and weird religious movements in America there is a very good reason why that last name gave you the cold shudders: Yes. It's That Watchtower. After Russel died a man named Joseph Franklin Rutherford took over after a power struggle, and among many other changes he had the group change its name to Jehovah's Witnesses. Obviously, theJWs still exist today. Where they differ from the SDAs (aside from various theological points) is the hideous amount of control theJWs practice on their followers, which includes their famous stance on blood transfusions and the less-well-known, but still devastating practice of disfellowshipping and shunning dissenting believers. Their belief in an immanent apocalypse has been destroying lives for generations and while the machine is beginning to slow, it's not showing any time of stopping just yet.
My point? Some people are going to wake up from Q and realize they've been had. It won't be a lot at first, and probably won't be very many at all. But the majority of the Qanon believers will be desperate for some kind of leadership so they can avoid having to admit that they traded their self identity, sanity, and relationships for a lie someone invented on a message board. There will be at least one person, and probably multiple people ready to catch Qanon believers rocked by their own Great Disappointment. This will not be good for those true Believers or their families. If past events are anything to go by, the next wave for Qanon will be a sort of out-of-the-frying-pan-into-the-fire in terms of paranoia and magical thinking, and former Q-believers will be at high risk of falling for the kind of silver-tongued sociopaths who made Jonestown and the Waco siege possible. I'm fascinated by this subject and I've never seen one of these groups transition from slightly paranoid to puppy dogs and rainbows.
TLDR: Q itself will probably die the way the Millerite movement did. But Q followers are going to be a fairly ripe harvest for the next con-man or troll willing to play to both their paranoia and the sunk-cost fallacy that keeps the majority of cult followers penned in. And what follows Q is probably going to be a whole lot worse for everybody involved.
--- --- Notes
Author Is_this_social_media
Posted On Tue Nov 24 12:59:18 UTC 2020
Score 25 as of Wed Nov 25 10:44:31 UTC 2020
Conversation Size 5
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Oooo, tell me more about the “ex-JW”. My family converted when I was in my 20s and left home. I often see similarities, but I’m not sure they completely fall into cult status anymore than any other religion. Just curious for your take.
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2020.11.24 11:26 coolcamels I don't want to die but I 'd rather die than feel this way forever, ya know? (Sorry, this is a bit long)

The bus was pretty hectic, as I think most busses were. I remember I used to sit by myself on the bus, or sometimes I’d sit by maybe one or two of the other guys I would hangout with when I was around 8. We traded Pokemon cards, and talked about everything Pokemon-related.
This wasn’t often, though, and most times I sat on the bus by myself, and I’d lean my cheek against the cool window and look outside-- zoning out the loud shouting from the front to the back of the bus.
I remember avoiding the back of the bus, because if I went back there, they’d find some reason to mess with me-- whether it was for being a girl who liked to collect Pokemon cards, or if it were for the big yellow spots on my two front teeth. They weren’t very creative kids, so the worst nickname they could come up with for me was, “spots.”
I left church again for a few weeks, and stopped talking to him.
I want to fall in love so bad, and to have my own kids, and to have a good job that I love. I want to not have to be embarrassed anymore about the way I look, and I can’t even get plastic surgery because people would still be cruel to me for that, and there’s no way my family would support me doing that, and my family means a lot to me. I don’t like talking to people about it, because I know people make fun of the people who are open about how lonely they are, or how they want to find someone they can love. I don’t want people to look at me like they look at those people-- I don’t want to seem like I’m desperate. But then when I do talk to people about it, all they can tell me is, “You’re not ugly!” or “You don’t need a boyfriend to be happy,” but it honestly doesn’t matter what they say, because at the end of the day I’ll still know how ugly and weird I am, and how no guy is going to be attracted to me.
It’s funny, because people say that personality is what counts, and I don’t want to sound stuck-up or anything, but I consider myself a pretty decent person? Like, I work really hard to be there for my friends when they need me, or to listen when they need me to, and I always try to wave at people and make them feel like they matter. I talk to everyone as if they’re a close friend that I care deeply about, and I make sure they know how much they’re appreciated. I try not to talk about my problems unless they ask, because I’m afraid people will assume I’m an attention-seeker or annoying for talking about it.
I have plenty of guy friends, but obviously me being a good person, or an interesting person (I intentionally try to have a lot of interests and hobbies so that I can connect with more people,) doesn’t mean anything (in terms of dating me) since I’m not pretty or even moderately attractive.
Nothing is going to change. I’ve been praying to “get prettier” as I get older, but once you’re around my age, you’ve kind of surpassed your peak in attractiveness (at least for girls,) and I’d rather die than have to feel this way for the rest of my life. I’d hate to spend my entire life thinking, “Oh! Maybe I’ll find someone next year!” for it to just never happen. I know so many amazing women who have amazing personalities, who are from their late 20s to late 50s and they still get depressed because they can’t find anyone, and I don’t want to grow old and alone and depressed. I don’t want to die, but it’s better than crying myself to sleep every night for the next 50+ years over how depressed and alone I am.
I’m probably going to start setting aside a savings account for my parents and putting in money for my funeral so that they can afford it when I do kill myself.
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